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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2023

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 001-36019

 

TONIX PHARMACEUTICALS HOLDING CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   26-1434750
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)     (IRS Employer Identification No.)
     

26 Main Street, Suite 101

Chatham, New Jersey

  07928
(Address of principal executive office)   (Zip Code)
     

(862) 799-8599

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class      Trading Symbol   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value   TNXP   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
         

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and an “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act

 

Large accelerated filer ☐  Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company
   Emerging growth company
   

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

 

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting common equity held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2023, based on the closing sales price of the common stock as quoted on The NASDAQ Global Market was $16,996,283. For purposes of this computation, all officers and directors are deemed to be affiliates. Such determination should not be deemed an admission that such directors, officers, or 5 percent beneficial owners are, in fact, affiliates of the registrant.

 

As of April 1, 2024, there were 84,490,862 shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

None.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    PAGE
PART I    
     
Item 1. Business 3
Item 1A. Risk Factors 47
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 72
Item 1C. Cybersecurity Disclosures 72
Item 2. Properties 73
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 73
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 74
     
PART II    
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 74
Item 6. Reserved 74
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 74
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 86
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data F-1 – F-30
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures 87
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 87
Item 9B. Other Information 87
Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections 88
     
PART III    
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 88
Item 11. Executive Compensation 93
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 100
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 101
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 101
     
PART IV    
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 102
     
  Signatures 106

 

2 

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1 - BUSINESS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including the section regarding Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) contains forward-looking statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not deemed to represent an all-inclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements as denoted in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Additionally, statements concerning future matters are forward-looking statements.

 

Although forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect the good faith judgment of our Management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, without limitation, those specifically addressed under the heading “Risks Factors” below, as well as those discussed elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We file reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). You can read and copy any materials we file or will file with the SEC, which, among other places, can be found on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov, as well as on our corporate website at www.tonixpharma.com).

 

We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made throughout the entirety of this Annual Report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Forward-looking statements include, but are not necessarily limited to, those relating to:

 

Our prospects are dependent on the success of Tonmya TM and progressing our pipeline through development stages. To the extent regulatory approval of Tonmya is delayed or not granted or, if approved, Tonmya is not commercially successful, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected and the price of our common stock may decline.

 

The commercial success and market acceptance of our products, including the coverage of our products by payors and pharmacy benefit managers; our ability to successfully develop and execute our sales, marketing and non-personal and digital promotion strategies, including developing and maintaining relationships with customers, physicians, payors and other constituencies, the entry of other products competitive with our commercial products;

 

Our ability to successfully execute business development, strategic partnerships, and investment opportunities to build and grow for the future;

 

Our ability to achieve the expected financial performance from our marketed products Tosymra® and Zembrace® Symtouch® which we recently acquired from Upsher Smith Laboratories, as well as delays, challenges and expenses, and unexpected costs associated with integrating and operating this new commercial business;

 

The ability of our third-party manufacturers to manufacture adequate quantities of commercially saleable inventory and active pharmaceutical ingredients for each of our products, and our ability to maintain our supply chain, which relies on single-source suppliers;

 

Our ability to raise additional capital or refinance or pay-off our debt, if necessary;

 

The timing and results of any future research and development efforts including potential clinical studies relating to any future product candidates;

 

Our common stock maintaining compliance with Nasdaq’s minimum closing bid requirement of at least $1.00 per share.

 

Business Overview

 

We are a fully-integrated biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing therapeutics to treat and prevent human disease and alleviate suffering.

 

Our near-term priority is to submit a New Drug Application (“NDA”) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for Tonmya™* (also known as TNX-102 SL, cyclobenzaprine HCl sublingual tablet) for the management of fibromyalgia (“FM”). FM is a chronic pain disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain, non-restorative sleep, fatigue and impaired cognition. Tonmya is a non-opioid analgesic designed for long-term bedtime use and has completed two positive Phase 3 studies. Tonix announced the positive results of the second Phase 3 study in December of 2023. Tonmya treatment resulted in highly statistically significant improvement in the primary endpoint of pain reduction (p=0.00005) and statistical significance in all six of the key secondary endpoints. Tonmya was well tolerated. Systemic adverse events were similar between Tonmya and placebo. No serious adverse events were reported. The FDA conditionally accepted Tonmya as the trade name for TNX-102 SL for the management of fibromyalgia in January 2024. We have scheduled a type B pre-NDA meeting with the FDA in the first half of 2024, plan to submit an NDA for the approval of Tonmya in the second half of 2024 and expect an FDA decision on the NDA in the second half of 2025. We are preparing for a commercial launch of Tonmya conditional on FDA approval.

  

3 

 

 

Tonmya is a proprietary sublingual tablet formulation of cyclobenzaprine (“CBP”) designed for bedtime administration. In December 2020, we reported positive results from the Phase 3 RELIEF study of Tonmya 5.6 mg for the management of FM. In July 2021, we had disappointing results from a second Phase 3 study, RALLY. In December 2023, we reported positive results from the third Phase 3 RESILIENT study, which met its pre-specified endpoint by significantly reducing daily pain compared to placebo in patients with fibromyalgia.

 

In preparation for the launch of Tonmya, we have built a team of professionals to market and distribute our products. Our commercial portfolio consists of two FDA-approved prescription products for the treatment of migraine which were acquired from Upsher-Smith Laboratories (“Upsher Smith”) in June 2023: Zembrace SymTouch (sumatriptan injection) 3 mg and Tosymra (sumatriptan nasal spray) 10 mg. Zembrace SymTouch and Tosymra are both indicated for the treatment of acute migraine with or without aura in adults. Zembrace SymTouch is the only branded sumatriptan autoinjector professionally promoted in the United States and is designed for ease of use and favorable tolerability with a low 3 mg dose. Tosymra is a novel intranasal sumatriptan product formulated with a permeation enhancer that provides rapid and efficient absorption of sumatriptan. Tosymra was approved on the basis of bioequivalence to subcutaneous (s.c.) sumatriptan. Our commercial team is engaged in marketing and distributing our products, and also engaged in planning the launch of Tonmya.

 

In addition to Tonmya and our marketed products, we have a pipeline of products in development that include therapeutics and vaccines which are based on small molecules and biologics. Our pipeline has been generated from internal discovery, as well as licenses, acquisitions and collaborations with academic institutions and non-profit organizations.

 

Our portfolio is focused on central nervous system (“CNS”), disorders, but also consists of rare disease, immunology, and infectious disease product candidates. The CNS portfolio includes small molecules and biologics to treat pain, neurologic, psychiatric and addiction conditions. Our immunology portfolio includes TNX-1500*, a biologic to address organ transplant rejection and autoimmune diseases. Finally, our infectious disease portfolio includes a vaccine in development to prevent smallpox and mpox (formerly known as monkeypox), TNX-801*. TNX-801 also serves as the live virus vaccine platform or recombinant pox vaccine (“RPV”) platform for vaccines to protect against other infectious diseases, including TNX-1800* and TNX-1850* for COVID-19.

 

In addition to fibromyalgia, TNX-102 SL* is being developed as a potential treatment for a type of Long COVID, the symptoms of which overlap with fibromyalgia, that we term fibromyalgia-type Long COVID. TNX-102 SL has completed a Phase 2 proof-of-concept study. Long COVID is also known as PASC, (“post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection”) is a chronic post-acute COVID-19 condition. We initiated enrollment in the Phase 2 PREVAIL study, in August 2022, and topline results were reported in September 2023. The study did not meet the primary endpoint of change in mean pain from baseline but did show activity in improving fatigue, a hallmark symptom of Long COVID.

 

TNX-102 SL also is being developed also as a treatment for acute stress reaction (“ASR”) and to prevent acute stress disorder (“ASD”) and posttraumatic stress disorder (“PTSD”) under a physician-initiated Investigational New Drug Application (“IND”) in partnership with the University of North Carolina (“UNC”) Institute for Trauma Recovery. The Phase 2 OASIS study at UNC is supported by the U.S. Department of Defense (“DoD”). We expect enrollment in the OASIS study to begin in the second quarter of 2024. The UNC-led OASIS study will build upon the existing AURORA initiative, a major national research initiative to improve the understanding, prevention, and recovery of individuals who have experienced a traumatic event.

 

In addition, TNX-102 SL has active INDs for PTSD, agitation in Alzheimer’s disease (“AAD”), and alcohol use disorder (“AUD”). TNX-102 SL for AAD has been granted Fast Track designation by the FDA. We are currently not actively studying TNX-102 SL in PTSD, AAD or AUD.

 

Another CNS candidate in development is TNX-1300* (double-mutant cocaine esterase) which is in Phase 2 for the treatment of cocaine intoxication. TNX-1300 has been granted Breakthrough Therapy designation by the FDA. TNX-1300 was licensed from Columbia University in 2019 after a Phase 2 study showed that it rapidly and efficiently disintegrates cocaine in the blood of volunteers who received intravenous (i.v.) cocaine. In August of 2022, we received a Federal Grant from the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (“NIDA”) a part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) to advance the development of TNX-1300 as a treatment for cocaine intoxication. We expect to initiate enrollment in a potentially pivotal Phase 2 study of TNX-1300 in emergency rooms in the second quarter of 2024.

 

Our rare disease portfolio includes TNX-2900* (intranasal potentiated oxytocin) for Prader-Willi syndrome (“PWS”), a genetic disorder characterized by complex symptoms. The formulation technology for TNX-2900 was acquired from Trigemina, Inc. and licensed from Stanford University in 2020. The potentiated formulation includes magnesium, which has been shown in animal studies to potentiate binding of oxytocin to the oxytocin receptor. The therapeutic technology was licensed from Inserm, the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research. TNX-2900 was granted Orphan-Drug Designation by the FDA in the second half of 2023 and the IND was cleared by the FDA in the fourth quarter of 2023 and received Rare Pediatric Disease Designation on March 21, 2024. PWS, an orphan condition, is a rare genetic disorder of failure to thrive in infancy, associated with uncontrolled appetite beginning in childhood with complications of obesity and diabetes. We have sponsored a research program at Inserm to study oxytocin on suckling behavior in mice that have been engineered to express one of the PWS genes.

 

4 

 

 

We are developing a different intranasal oxytocin product, TNX-1900* (intranasal potentiated oxytocin with magnesium) for several CNS disorders through investigator-initiated studies. TNX-1900 is in development through investigator-initiated studies for the treatment of binge eating disorder (“BED”), adolescent obesity, social anxiety disorder (“SAD”), and bone health in pediatric autism. We received IND clearance from the FDA in the fourth quarter of 2021 to study TNX-1900 in chronic migraine and we initiated the Phase 2 PREVENTION study for the prevention of migraine headaches in chronic migraineurs in the first quarter of 2023. Topline results from the study, reported in December 2023, showed that TNX-1900 did not meet the primary endpoint as measured by a reduction from 28-day run-in baseline in the mean number of migraine headache days during the last 28 days of the treatment phase. PREVENTION was a small proof-of-concept study with 88 patients enrolled across three arms (TNX-1900 30 IU QD, TNX-1900 30 IU BID, and placebo), and was not powered to result in a statistically significant outcome. In the trial, TNX-1900 was generally well-tolerated with no treatment-emergent serious or severe adverse events. We have discontinued development of TNX-1900 in chronic migraine.

 

Our lead candidate in the immunology pipeline is TNX-1500, an Fc-modified humanized mAb, directed against CD40-ligand (CD40L, also known as CD154). TNX-1500 was engineered to modulate binding to Fc receptors. TNX-1500 is being developed as a prophylaxis against organ transplant rejection as well as to treat autoimmune conditions. The IND was cleared and a Phase 1 study of TNX-1500 in healthy volunteers was initiated in the second quarter of 2023 and completed the clinical phase in the first quarter of 2024. TNX-1500 is being studied in combination with other immunosuppressive agents in allogeneic and xenogeneic organ transplants in non-human primates at Massachusetts General Hospital, a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School (“MGH”). In experiments at MGH, TNX-1500 is being studied as monotherapy or in combination with other immunosuppressive agents in heart and kidney allogeneic organ transplants in non-human primates. Results from experiments in kidney and heart transplants indicate that TNX-1500 appears to have comparable efficacy to historical experiments using the chimeric mouse/human IgG1 version (5c8H1) of the anti-CD40L mAb 5c8. Some results from this collaboration were published in the peer-reviewed journal, American Journal of Transplantation in 2023. 

 

TNX-1500 also is being studied in combination with other immunosuppressive agents in xenogeneic organ transplants in non-human primates at MGH. In some of these studies, genetically engineered (“GE”) pigs in baboon transplants were treated with cold perfused ischemia minimization and a novel costimulation-based immunosuppressive regimen including TNX-1500. The results of these preclinical studies were encouraging and demonstrated the potential of genetically engineered pig hearts in the context of a clinically applicable regimen. The multi-GE pigs were provided by eGenesis and Revivicor. Revivicor is a subsidiary of United Therapeutics. Some results from the collaboration with MGH and eGenesis were published in the peer-reviewed journal, Nature in 2023. In March of 2024, MGH announced the first GE pig kidney transplant into a living recipient supported in part by the pre-clinical work with TNX-1500. TNX-1500 therapy was not used in the human transplant recipient.

 

Our immunology pipeline also includes TNX-1700*, a recombinant Trefoil Factor Family 2 (“rTFF2”) fusion protein that was licensed from Columbia University in 2019. TNX-1700 consists of TFF2 fused to human serum albumin (HAS) and is a biologic being developed to treat gastric and colorectal cancers by an immune-oncology mechanism, in combination with PD1 blockers, and is in the preclinical stage of development. We presented data that show a murine version of TNX-1700 consisting of a fusion protein with murine serum albumin was able to evoke anti-tumor immunity in the MC38 mouse model of colorectal cancer as monotherapy and that TNX-1700 augmented the efficacy of anti-PD1 therapy in both the MC38 model and the CT26.wt mouse models of colorectal cancer. 

 

Our infectious disease portfolio includes vaccines based on our live virus vaccine or RPV platform. Live virus vaccines are believed to protect against poor clinical outcomes of infectious diseases by eliciting T cell responses in addition to antibody responses. TNX-801, a live attenuated vaccine based on synthesized horsepox, is in the pre-IND stage of development to protect against smallpox and mpox. Mpox has become endemic in the U.S. since it spread in the U.S. and other countries outside of Africa, mostly in populations of men who have sex with men. Non-human primates vaccinated with TNX-801 were protected from mpox in studies reported in the first quarter of 2020. These data were published in the peer-reviewed journal Vaccines in 2023. In October 2023, at the World Vaccine Congress - Europe, we reported that the TNX-801 vaccine was shown to be greater than 10 to 1,000-fold more attenuated than older vaccinia-based smallpox vaccines in both human primary cell lines and immunocompromised mice. That work has been posted on BioRxiv, which is not peer-reviewed. TNX-801 also serves as the live virus vaccine platform for other infectious diseases for which subsequent products will be designed by expressing other viral antigens in the horsepox vector.

  

TNX-1800 is a live virus vaccine on the RPV platform that expresses the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the ancestral Wuhan strain, which has shown encouraging results in non-human primates. In the third quarter of 2023, TNX-1800 was selected by the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (“NIAID”), a part of the NIH, to be included in their Project NextGen initiative, an initiative to advance a pipeline of new, innovative vaccines and therapeutics for COVID-19. The COVID-19 vaccines approved for use in the U.S. have provided significant health benefits to the vaccinated population; however, they have shown limitations in the durability of protection conferred, and in their ability to block forward transmission. Live virus vaccines that protect against other viral diseases by eliciting T cell responses have shown durability of protection that lasts years to decades, and some live virus vaccines have significantly inhibited forward transmission. With respect to TNX-1800 vaccination, we reported positive efficacy data from animal challenge studies using live SARS-CoV-2 in the first quarter of 2021. These data were published in the peer-reviewed journal Vaccines in 2023. In this study, TNX-1800 vaccinated, SARS-CoV-2 challenged animals had undetectable SARS-CoV-2 in the upper airways, which we believe relates to potential inhibition of forward transmission of this respiratory pathogen. 

 

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Tonix has three pre-clinical research and development programs developing broad spectrum antivirals. The DoD announced in December 2022 a plan to move beyond a ‘one bug, one drug’ approach and are seeking broad-spectrum drugs since it may be hard to predict which or how many viruses may be deployed on the battlefield. TNX-3900* are broad-spectrum small molecule oral antivirals which inhibit essential cathepsins required by viruses such as coronaviruses and filoviruses to infect cells. TNX-4200* are orally available CD45 antagonists in preclinical development. We believe that partial inhibition of CD45 will provide optimal antiviral protection while requiring lower plasma drug concentrations and a lower dose, and therefore will have a higher safety window. Tonix plans to leverage previous research on phosphatase inhibitors, specifically compounds that target CD45, to optimize lead compounds for therapeutic intervention of biothreat agents. TNX-4000* are viral glycan-targeted engineered biologics. These antivirals are currently in preclinical development.

  

Relating to our development programs, we own and operate the Research and Development Center (“RDC”) in Frederick, Maryland consisting of one building totaling approximately 48,000 square feet. The RDC conducts research on central nervous system, immunology, and infectious disease candidates. The RDC facility is mostly biosafety level 2 (BSL-2), with some components designated BSL-3. We also own and operate an Advanced Development Center (“ADC”) located in the New Bedford business park in Dartmouth, Massachusetts. This approximately 45,000 square foot BSL-2 facility is intended to accelerate development and clinical scale manufacturing of live-virus vaccines and biologics to support clinical trials. We have engaged CBRE, an international real estate brokerage firm, to find a strategic partner for, or buyer of, ADC.

 

*Tonix’s product development candidates are investigational new drugs or biologics and have not been approved for any indication.

 

We are led by a management team with significant industry experience in drug development. We complement our management team with a network of scientific, clinical, and regulatory advisors that includes recognized experts in their respective fields.

 

Our Strategy

 

Our strategy is to use our integrated development engine to advance innovative programs across multiple therapeutic areas through the drug development process, with the ultimate objectives of FDA approval and commercialization. The principal components of our strategy are to:

 

Pursue CNS, rare disease, immunology, and infectious disease indications with high unmet medical need and significant commercial potential. We are pursuing multiple indications that are underserved with limited, effective treatment options. One of our latest stage product candidates is Tonmya for the management of FM, a condition which affects between 6-12 million adults in the U.S. Fewer than half of those treated for FM receive relief from the three FDA-approved drugs.

 

We are also pursuing a treatment using TNX-102 SL for FM-type Long COVID, a condition for which there is no currently approved therapy. Our broader development strategy is to leverage the patented formulation and proven mechanism of action to explore the clinical potential of TNX-102 SL in multiple other, psychiatric, and addiction conditions, including ASR, ASD, AAD and AUD, all of which are underserved by currently approved medications or have no approved treatment. Within CNS, Tonix is also developing TNX-1300 to treat cocaine intoxication and TNX-1900 to treat binge eating disorder, adolescent obesity, social anxiety disorder and bone loss associated with autism. Cocaine intoxication is one of the leading causes of overdose deaths and for which there is no currently approved drug. With TNX-1500, we are pursuing a treatment to prevent organ transplant rejection as well as autoimmune conditions. TNX-1500 is a third generation humanized mAb targeting CD40L that has the potential to deliver efficacy without compromising safety, based on modulated binding to Fc receptors. At this time, no mAb against CD40L has been licensed anywhere in the world. Within infectious diseases, we are currently focusing on the development of TNX-801 to prevent smallpox and mpox, and TNX-1800 to protect against COVID-19. While there are FDA-approved vaccines to prevent smallpox and mpox, we believe TNX-801 has potential to provide durable protection. While there are FDA-approved COVID-19 vaccines which use mRNA technology, or other technologies, we believe that there are limitations to these vaccines relating to durability of protection and their relative inability to block forward transmission. 

   
  Maximize the commercial potential of our lead product candidates. We plan to commercialize each of our lead product candidates, including our latest stage candidate, TNX-102 SL, either on our own or through collaboration with partners. We believe the acquisition of our two FDA-approved, marketed products for the treatment of acute migraine (Zembrace SymTouch and Tosymra) positions Tonix to build out commercial capability to market the migraine products and to launch Tonmya for fibromyalgia. An alternative strategy would be to enter into partnership agreements with drug companies that already have significant marketing capabilities in the same, or similar, therapeutic areas. If we determine that such a strategy would be more favorable than developing our own sales capabilities, we would seek to enter into collaborations with pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies for commercialization.
     
  Pursue a broad intellectual property strategy to protect our product candidates. We are pursuing a broad patent strategy for our product candidates, and we endeavor to generate new patent applications as supported by our innovations and conceptions as well as to advance their prosecution. In the case of TNX-102 SL, we own patents and patent applications protecting its composition-of-matter, certain methods of its use, its formulation, and its pharmacokinetic properties. In the case of TNX-801 and TNX-1800, we own patent applications protecting their composition-of-matter and certain methods of use. We also own patents through in-licensing transactions for TNX-1300, TNX-1900, TNX-2900, and TNX-1700. We have filed patent applications for TNX-1500. We plan to opportunistically apply for new patents to protect our product candidates.

 

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Pursue additional indications and commercial opportunities for our product candidates. We will seek to maximize the value of our other product candidates by pursuing other indications and commercial opportunities for such candidates. For example, we own rights related to the development and commercialization of TNX-102 SL for generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and fatigue related to disordered sleep. For TNX-1900, we own the rights to develop this for craniofacial pain, and insulin resistance. Finally, our live virus platform using our RPV technology may be developed as vaccines for future pandemics, infectious diseases generally and oncology, in addition to smallpox and mpox. 

 

Disease and Market Overview

 

Our product candidates address disorders that are not well served by currently available therapies or have no approved treatment which represent large potential commercial market opportunities. Background information on the disorders and related commercial markets that may be addressed by our product candidates in or nearing the clinical stage of development is set forth below.

 

Central Nervous System

 

Fibromyalgia (FM)

 

FM is a chronic syndrome characterized by widespread pain accompanied by fatigue, non-restorative sleep, cognitive dysfunction or “brain fog” and mood issues. The peak incidence of FM occurs between 20-50 years of age, and the majority of diagnosed patients are female. FM may have a substantial negative impact on social and occupational function, including disrupted relationships with family and friends, social isolation, reduced activities of daily living and leisure activities, avoidance of physical activity, and loss of career or inability to advance in career or education. According to the American Chronic Pain Association, an estimated six to twelve million adults in the U.S. have FM.

 

According to a report by Frost and Sullivan that we commissioned, despite the availability of approved medications, the majority of patients fail therapy due to either insufficient efficacy, poor tolerability, or both. Prescription pain and sleep medications are frequently prescribed off-label for symptomatic relief, despite the lack of evidence that such medications provide a meaningful or durable therapeutic benefit, and many of these medications carry significant safety risks and risk of dependence. For example, approximately 30% of patients diagnosed with FM take chronic opioids, despite the lack of evidence for their effectiveness and the risk of addiction and toxicity, including overdose.

 

Fibromyalgia-type Long COVID

 

Long COVID, or PASC, is a condition that some survivors of COVID-19 infection experience in varying degrees of severity. It is a chronic disabling condition that is expected to result in a significant global health and economic burden. We are focusing the development of TNX-102 SL specifically on fibromyalgia-type Long COVID, the symptoms of which include intense fatigue, sleep problems, multi-site pain, and cognitive issues (“brain fog”). The proposed indication is for the management of multi-site pain associated with PASC.

  

Post infection, many patients experience one or many of the symptoms of Long COVID: some patients have initial symptoms that become prolonged; others manifest entirely new syndromes that impact more than one system or organ. According to a 2021 publication in the Journal of American Medical Association, over 1 in 10 healthcare workers who had recovered from COVID-19 were still coping with at least one moderate to severe symptom eight months later. Research shows that Long COVID occurs in approximately 19% of recovered COVID-19 patients. There is currently no approved drug for the treatment of Long COVID.

 

Migraine Headaches

 

Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, episodes affect one side of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from a few hours to three days. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity, although regular exercise may have prophylactic effects. Up to one-third of people affected have aura, typically a short period of visual disturbance that signals that the headache will soon occur. Occasionally, aura can occur with little or no headache following it. Approximately one billion individuals worldwide suffer from migraine (~14% of the population). Migraine is the second leading cause of years lived with disability.

 

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Cocaine Intoxication

 

Cocaine is an illegal recreational drug taken for its pleasurable effects and associated euphoria. Pharmacologically, cocaine blocks the reuptake of the neurotransmitter dopamine from central nervous system synapses, resulting in the accumulation of dopamine within the synapse and an amplification of dopamine signaling that is related to its role in creating positive feeling. With the continued use of cocaine, however, intense cocaine cravings occur resulting in a high potential for abuse and addiction, or dependence, as well as the risk of cocaine intoxication. Cocaine intoxication refers to the deleterious effects on other parts of the body, especially those involving the cardiovascular system. Common symptoms of cocaine intoxication include tachyarrhythmias and elevated blood pressure, either of which can be life-threatening. As a result, individuals with known or suspected cocaine intoxication are sent immediately to the emergency department, preferably by ambulance in case cardiac arrest occurs during transit. There are approximately 505,000 emergency room visits for cocaine abuse each year in the U.S., of which 61,000 require detoxification services. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, cocaine-involved deaths rose nearly 54% from 2019 to 2021, resulting in over 24,486 deaths total.

 

Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)

 

ASD is a mental health condition that can occur within the first month of experiencing a traumatic event. The symptoms are similar to those of PTSD and can affect both civilian and military populations. According to the National Center for PTSD, in the U.S. about 60% of men and 50% of women experience at least one trauma in their lives. In the U.S. alone, one-third of emergency department visits (40-50 million patients per year) involve evaluation after trauma exposures, and in a 2014 study involving U.S. veterans, 87% reported exposure to at least one potentially traumatic event during their service. No medications are currently available at or near the point of care to treat patients suffering from acute traumatic events and to support long-term health.

  

Rare Disease

 

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)

 

PWS is recognized as the most common genetic cause of life-threatening childhood obesity and affects males and females with equal frequency and all races and ethnicities. The hallmarks of PWS are lack of suckling in infants and, in children and adults, severe hyperphagia, an overriding physiological drive to eat, leading to severe obesity and other complications associated with significant morbidity and mortality. PWS is an orphan disease that occurs in approximately one in 15,000 births. There is currently no approved treatment for obesity and hyperphagia in adults and older children associated with PWS.

 

Immunology

 

Organ Transplant Rejection

 

Organ transplant rejection occurs when the immune system of the organ recipient attacks the new organ as if it was an infection or tumor. Often transplantation is the last resort for most end-stage organ failure patients, affecting either kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, and/or pancreas. Genetic disparity between organ donor and recipient is often at the root of the rejection. Mismatched or not closely matched organs triggers an immune reaction that leads to rejection. Overcoming this difficulty is paramount to a patient’s survival as organ donations are in limited supply.

 

Gastric and Colorectal cancers

 

Gastric or stomach cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells line the inner lumen of the stomach. Development of this form of cancer is often influenced by age, diet and other stomach diseases. This type of cancer begins to form in the mucosa, the surface of the lumen that is in direct contact with the contents of the stomach, and spreads through the outer layers of the stomach as the tumor grows.

 

Currently, per the National Cancer Institute, the 5-year relative survival for stomach cancer is 33.3%. According to 2017-2019 data, approximately 0.8 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with stomach cancer during their lifetime. In 2019, there were an estimated 123,920 people living with stomach cancer in the U.S.

 

Colorectal cancer includes cancers in the colon and the rectum, organs that are crucial to absorption of water by the body and the elimination of food-waste. Most colorectal cancers start as a growth or polyp on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Some types of polyps can change into cancer over time (usually many years), but not all polyps become cancer. Adenomatous polyps are the ones that turn malignant with time. Similar to gastric cancer, the malignancy begins in the mucosal layer and spreads outwards.

 

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The 5-year relative survival rate is 65.1%, per the National Cancer Institute. According to 2017-2019 data, approximately 4.1 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer during their lifetime. In 2019, there were an estimated 1,369,005 people living with colorectal cancer in the United States.

 

Infectious Diseases

 

Smallpox and Mpox

 

Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus, or VARV, which is a member of the orthopoxvirus family. Smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980 following a global immunization campaign. Smallpox is transmitted from person to person by infective droplets during close contact with infected symptomatic people. Mpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the monkeypox virus or MPXV, which is also a member of the orthopoxvirus family. Mpox symptoms are similar to those of smallpox, although less severe. Mpox is emerging as an important zoonotic infection in humans in Central and West Africa. Until 2022, only a few cases of mpox had been reported outside of Africa in patients who had been infected while in Africa. Starting in May of 2022, mpox Clade 2 cases spread rapidly in the U.S. and other countries. More than 30,000 cases in the U.S. have been reported according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An outbreak of Clade 1 mpox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is raising concerns by the U.S. Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense.

 

Smallpox was eradicated by a World Health Organization program that vaccinated individuals with live replicating vaccinia vaccines wherever smallpox appeared. In the 1970s, vaccination of civilians to protect against smallpox was discontinued in the U.S.; however, smallpox remains a material threat to national security and a proportion of military personnel, including members of the Global Response Force continue to be vaccinated. Vaccines for smallpox and mpox are stockpiled by the U.S. government in the strategic national stockpile and for potential widespread immunization in the event of malicious reintroduction of VARV. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences has recently issued a consensus report raising concerns about the state of new mpox vaccines in development.

 

COVID-19

 

SARS-CoV-2 is a contagious virus causing the disease COVID-19 that became a global pandemic in 2019 and has resulted in more than three million deaths. While the infection and mortality rates have slowed in regions of the world with high vaccination rates, the struggle with the pathogen is ongoing and evolving since SARS-CoV-2 is mutating into new variants. COVID-19 is characterized by fever, sore throat, acute shortness of breath, cough, and oxygen desaturation in the blood. At least three major variants have swept across the world in successive waves and overwhelmed healthcare systems during these waves. With new variants of the virus emerging, therapeutic research is addressing the challenge of keeping up with this rapidly mutating virus. The early vaccines have been effective in limiting the severity of disease in vaccinated individuals. Vaccines that elicit strong T cell responses are believed to have the potential to provide long-term or durable protection.

 

Tonix’s Marketed Migraine Products

 

Zembrace SymTouch and Tosymra – Acute Migraine in Adults

 

In June 2023, we acquired two FDA-approved, marketed products from Upsher-Smith : Zembrace SymTouch (sumatriptan injection) 3 mg and Tosymra (sumatriptan nasal spray) 10 mg. Zembrace SymTouch and Tosymra are both indicated for the treatment of acute migraine with or without aura in adults. These products collectively generated combined gross retail product sales of approximately $28.5 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2023.

 

Zembrace SymTouch is the only actively promoted brand of sumatriptan autoinjector in the United States. It has a unique low dose and has demonstrated onset of migraine pain relief in as few as 10 minutes (17% of patients vs. 5% for placebo). Zembrace SymTouch also demonstrated migraine pain freedom for 46% of patients (vs 27% for placebo) at 2 hours in a single-attack, double-blind study (N=230). Zembrace SymTouch currently has patent protection to 2036. Tosymra employs Intravail® permeation enhancer technology and is pharmacokinetically equivalent to 4 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan. Tosymra delivers migraine pain relief in as little as 10 minutes with just one spray for some patients (13% vs. 5% for placebo). Tosymra® currently has patent protection to 2031.

 

Lead Product Candidates

 

We believe that our product candidates offer innovative therapeutic approaches and may provide significant advantages relative to available therapies. We have worldwide commercialization rights to all of our product candidates listed below. The following table summarizes our later stage product candidates that are in or nearing the clinic:

 

Product Candidate   Indication   Stage of Development  
Tonmya (TNX-102 SL)   Fibromyalgia   Two Positive Phase 3 studies completed, preparing NDA submission  
TNX-102 SL   Fibromyalgia-type Long COVID   Phase 2 study completed  
TNX-102 SL   Acute Stress Reaction   Phase 2 ready* – investigator-initiated IND  
TNX-1300   Cocaine Intoxication   Mid-Phase 2, targeted 2Q 2024 start  
TNX-2900   Prader-Willi Syndrome   Phase 2 ready, IND cleared  
TNX-1900   Adolescent Obesity, Binge Eating Disorder, Bone Health in Pediatric Autism, Social Anxiety Disorder, *   Phase 2 completed for chronic migraine and currently enrolling for other indications*  
TNX-1500   Kidney Transplant Rejection   Phase 1 study ongoing  
TNX-801   Smallpox and Mpox vaccine   Preclinical, pre-IND  
TNX-1800   COVID-19 vaccine   Preclinical, pre-IND  
           

*Investigator Initiated Studies

 

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TNX-102 SL

 

Overview

 

TNX-102 SL is a proprietary sublingual tablet formulation of CBP that efficiently delivers CBP across the oral mucosal membrane into the systemic circulation. We have active IND’s for TNX-102 SL as a bedtime treatment for fibromyalgia, PTSD, fibromyalgia-type Long COVID, AAD and AUD. The University of North Carolina has an investigator-initiated IND for ASD that references our INDs. We own all rights to TNX-102 SL in all geographies, and we bear no obligations to third parties for any future development or commercialization. Excipients used in TNX-102 SL are approved for pharmaceutical use. Some of the excipients were specially selected to promote a local oral environment that facilitates mucosal absorption of CBP.

  

The current TNX-102 SL sublingual tablets each contain 2.8 mg of CBP. TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg (two 2.8 mg tablets) at bedtime has completed two positive Phase 3 studies for the management of fibromyalgia. We selected this dose with the goal of providing a balance of efficacy, safety, and tolerability that would be acceptable as a first-line therapy and for long-term use, and in-patient populations characterized by burdensome symptoms and sensitivity to medications.

 

The active ingredient in TNX-102 SL is CBP, a multi-functional drug that blocks the serotonin-2A, alpha-1 adrenergic, muscarinic M1 and histaminergic H1 receptors.

 

CBP is the active ingredient of two products that are approved in the U.S. for the treatment of muscle spasm: Flexeril® (5 mg and 10 mg oral immediate-release, or IR, tablet) and Amrix® (15 mg and 30 mg oral extended-release capsule). The Flexeril brand of CBP IR tablet has been discontinued since May 2013. There are numerous generic versions of CBP IR tablets on the market. CBP-containing products are approved for short term use (two to three weeks) only as an adjunct to rest and physical therapy for relief of muscle spasm associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. CBP IR tablets are recommended for three times per day dosing, which results in relatively stable blood levels of CBP after several days of treatment. Extended-release CBP capsules taken once a day mimic, and flatten, the pharmacokinetic profile of three times per day CBP IR tablets.

 

We designed TNX-102 SL to be administered once-daily at bedtime and with the intention for long-term use. We believe the selected dose of TNX-102 SL and its unique pharmacokinetic profile will enable it to achieve a desirable balance of efficacy, safety, and tolerability. Our Phase 1 pharmacokinetic comparative trials showed that, on a dose-adjusted basis, TNX-102 SL results in faster systemic absorption and significantly higher plasma levels of CBP in the first hour following sublingual administration relative to oral IR CBP tablets. It also showed that the sublingual route of administration, which largely bypasses the “first pass” hepatic metabolism that swallowed medications undergo, results in a higher plasma ratio of CBP to its main active metabolite, norcyclobenzaprine. In clinical studies, TNX-102 SL 2.8 mg and TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg were generally well-tolerated, with no drug-related serious and unexpected adverse reactions reported in these studies. Some subjects experienced transient numbness of the tongue after TNX-102 SL administration.

 

We have successfully completed the pivotal exposure bridging study with TNX-102 SL compared to Amrix.  Results from this study support the approval of TNX-102 SL under Section 505(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) with Amrix as the reference listed drug (RLD). In general, the development timeline for a 505(b)(2) NDA is shorter and less expensive than an NDA developed under Section 505(b)(1), which is for new chemical entities, or NCEs, that have never been approved in the U.S. We believe that TNX-102 SL has the potential to provide clinical benefit to fibromyalgia, fibromyalgia-type Long COVID, and PTSD patients and possibly other CNS (central nervous system) indications that are underserved by currently marketed products or have no approved treatment.

 

We have also successfully completed a bridging pharmacokinetic study in ethnic Japanese and Chinese volunteers that shows similar characteristics to our historical data in Caucasian volunteers. We believe this will satisfy one of the criteria for approval in Japan and China and will allow us to reference the U.S. efficacy data to support marketing applications in those countries. 

 

Tonmya (TNX-102 SL) – FM program

 

We are developing Tonmya as a bedtime treatment for FM under an active IND application. The potential approval of Tonmya for FM is expected to be under Section 505(b)(2) of the FDCA.

 

Clinical Development Plan

 

Completed Positive Phase 3 RESILIENT Study (F307)

 

The first patient was enrolled in the pivotal Phase 3 RESILIENT study in April 2022. The RESILIENT study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled adaptive design trial designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tonmya in FM. The two-arm trial enrolled 457 participants in the U.S. The first two weeks of treatment consist of a run-in period in which participants start on Tonmya 2.8 mg (1 tablet) or placebo. Thereafter, all participants increase their dose to Tonmya 5.6 mg (2 x 2.8 mg tablets) or two placebo tablets for the remaining 12 weeks. The RESILIENT study achieved statistical significance on the pre-specified primary efficacy endpoint: change from baseline in the weekly average of daily diary pain severity numerical rating scale (NRS) scores for Tonmya 5.6 mg (LS mean [SE]: -1.8 [0.12] units) versus placebo (-1.2 [0.12] units), analyzed by mixed model repeated measures with multiple imputation (LS mean [SE] difference: -0.7 [0.16] units, p=0.00005). In addition, all pre-specified sensitivity analyses of the primary endpoint were statistically significant (p≤0.001). We observed reduction in pain across all weeks of the 14-week study, with nominal p<0.01 for every week. The rapid onset of action with separation from placebo at Week 1 was sustained throughout all weeks of dosing. Tonmya was well tolerated and consistent with prior trials, with no new safety signals observed. Among participants randomized to the Tonmya and placebo arms, 81.0% and 79.2%, respectively, completed the 14-week dosing period. As expected based on prior Tonmya studies, administration site reactions were the most commonly reported adverse events and were higher in the Tonmya treatment group. Hypoaesthesia oral and paraesthesia oral, or tongue and mouth numbness or tingling, product taste abnormal (typically a bitter aftertaste upon dosing), and tongue discomfort were local effects nearly always temporally related to dose administration and transiently expressed (<60 minutes) in most occurrences. The only treatment-emergent adverse events that occurred at a rate of 3.0% or greater in either arm were these four oral adverse events, along with COVID-19, somnolence, and headache. Adverse events resulted in premature study discontinuation in 6.1% of those who received Tonmya compared with 3.5% of placebo recipients. There were a total of seven serious adverse events in five patients, five of which were experienced by three patients in the placebo arm, and two of which were in the Tonmya arm. Of the two in the Tonmya arm, one was renal cancer, deemed unrelated to study drug, and the other was acute pancreatitis with onset 14 days after dosing was completed, reported as possibly related to study drug, and was resolved before the final study visit.

 

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Completed Phase 3 RALLY Study (F306)

 

The RALLY study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled adaptive design trial intended to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tonmya in FM. The trial was designed to enroll approximately 670 patients across approximately 40 U.S. sites. For the first two weeks of treatment, there was a run-in period in which patients started on Tonmya 2.8 mg (1 tablet) or placebo. After the first two weeks, all patients had the dose increased to Tonmya 5.6 mg (2 x 2.8 mg tablets) or two placebo tablets for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was daily diary pain severity score change from baseline to Week 14 (using the weekly averages of the daily numerical rating scale scores), analyzed by mixed model repeated measures with multiple imputation. We reported pre-planned interim analysis results from a Phase 3 study, RALLY (F306), in July 2021. Based on the recommendation from the independent data monitoring committee that the RALLY trial was unlikely to demonstrate a statistically significant improvement in the primary endpoint, we stopped enrollment of new participants but allowed those participants who were already enrolled to complete the study. We reported topline data from the completed study in March of 2022. As expected based on interim analysis results, Tonmya did not achieve statistical significance over placebo on the primary endpoint of reduction in daily pain, and relative to the previous positive Phase 3 Study (RELIEF), RALLY had an unexpected increase in study participant adverse event-related discontinuations in both drug and placebo groups.

  

Completed Positive Phase 3 RELIEF Study (F304)

 

In the fourth quarter of 2020, we announced the results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week Phase 3 study of Tonmya in 503 participants with FM, which we refer to as the RELIEF study. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical benefit of using Tonmya to treat FM at a dose of 5.6 mg, administered sublingually once daily at bedtime for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint of the RELIEF trial was the daily diary pain severity score change from baseline to Week 14 (using the weekly averages of the daily numerical rating scale scores), analyzed by mixed model repeated measures with multiple imputation. The RELIEF study achieved statistical significance on the primary efficacy endpoint: change from baseline in the weekly average of daily diary pain severity numerical rating scale (NRS) scores for Tonmya 5.6 mg (LS mean [SE]: -1.9 [0.12] units) versus placebo (-1.5 [0.12] units), analyzed by mixed model repeated measures with multiple imputation (LS mean [SE] difference: -0.4 [0.16] units, p=0.010).

 

The statistically significant improvement in pain is further substantiated when diary pain was analyzed by another standard statistical approach, a 30 percent responder analysis, with 46.8% on active and 34.9% on placebo having a 30 percent or greater reduction in pain (logistic regression; odds ratio [95% CI]: 1.67 [1.16, 2.40]; p=0.006). Consistent with the proposed mechanism that Tonmya acts in fibromyalgia through improving sleep quality, Tonmya showed nominal improvement of sleep by several measures. For daily diary sleep quality ratings, TNX-102 SL (-2.0 [0.12] units) compared to placebo (-1.5 [0.12] units) was nominally significant (LS mean difference: -0.6 [0.17] units; p<0.001). For the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance instrument, Tonmya was also nominally significant over placebo on T-scores (LS mean difference: -2.9 [0.82] units; p<0.001). The effect sizes on the diary sleep ratings and PROMIS Sleep Disturbance instrument were 0.31 and 0.32, respectively.

 

In the RELIEF study, Tonmya was similarly well tolerated as in the Phase 2 BESTFIT and Phase 3 AFFIRM studies, which both studied Tonmya at a lower dose of 2.8 mg daily. There were no new safety signals observed in the RELIEF study at the 5.6 mg daily dose. Among participants randomized to the Tonmya and placebo arms, 82.3% and 83.5%, respectively, completed the 14-week dosing period. As expected, based on prior studies, administration site reactions are the most commonly reported adverse events and were higher in the Tonmya treatment group, including rates of hypoaesthesia oral (17.3% vs. 0.8%), oral pain/discomfort (11.7% v. 2.0%), product taste abnormal (6.5% vs. 0.4%), and paraesthesia oral (5.6% v. 0.4%). Hypoaesthesia or paraesthesia oral and product taste abnormal were local administration site effects nearly always temporally related to dose administration and transiently expressed (<60 minutes) in almost all occurrences. The only systemic treatment-emergent adverse events that occurred at a rate of 5.0% or greater in either arm was somnolence/sedation at 5.6% in the Tonmya arm vs. 1.2% in placebo, which was consistent with known side effects of marketed oral cyclobenzaprine. Adverse events resulted in premature study discontinuation in 8.9% of those who received Tonmya compared with 3.9% of placebo recipients. There was a total of seven serious adverse events reported during the study, none of which were deemed related to investigational product; five in placebo arm, and two in Tonmya arm. Of the two in the Tonmya arm, one was a motor vehicle accident with multiple bone fractures, and the other was a case of pneumonia secondary to an infection.

 

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Completed Phase 3 AFFIRM Study (F301)

 

In the third quarter of 2016, we announced the results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week Phase 3 study of Tonmya 2.8 mg in 519 participants with FM, which we refer to as the AFFIRM study. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical benefit of using Tonmya to treat FM at a dose of 2.8 mg, administered sublingually once daily at bedtime for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint of the AFFIRM trial was the 30% pain responder analysis in which a responder is defined as a subject for whom pain intensity was reduced by at least 30% at Week 12 as compared to baseline. AFFIRM did not achieve statistical significance at the primary endpoint (p=0.095). Yet, statistical significance was achieved when pain was analyzed instead as a continuous variable, either by mixed model for repeated measure (“MMRM”0 (p<0.001) or by MMRM with multiple imputation for missing data (p=0.005), a generally accepted approach to pain data. Tonmya also showed statistically significant improvements in the declared secondary analyses of the Patient Global Impression of Change, or PGIC (p=0.038) and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire-Revised, or FIQ-R (p<0.001). The study also showed statistically significant improvement with Tonmya on measures of sleep quality, including the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System, or PROMIS, Sleep Disturbance instrument (p<0.001).

 

Tonmya was well tolerated in the AFFIRM trial. Among patients randomized to the active and control arms, 78% and 86%, respectively, completed the 12-week dosing period. The most common adverse events were local in nature, with transient hypoaesthesia oral occurring in 40% of participants on Tonmya vs. 1% on placebo. These local adverse events did not appear to affect either rates of retention of study participants or their compliance with taking Tonmya. Systemic adverse events were similar between Tonmya and placebo. No serious adverse events were reported.

 

Other NDA Requirements

 

An Agreed Initial Pediatric Study Plan (“Agreed iPSP”) is required for the initial NDA submission. The Agreed iPSP was accepted by the FDA in September 2015. We submitted an amended iPSP in the third quarter of 2021 and received comments from the FDA in the fourth quarter of 2021. We submitted a second amended iPSP in first quarter 2024 and plan to come to an Agreed PSP by the time of NDA submission. An acceptable Pediatric Study Plan will be determined at the time of the NDA approval.

 

Based on our discussions with the FDA and the FDA official meeting minutes, we will not have to conduct special populations, such as geriatric and renal/hepatic impaired patients, drug-drug interaction or cardiovascular safety studies to support the Tonmya NDA filing since the pivotal systemic exposure bridging study using Amrix as the reference listed drug (RLD) has been successfully completed. Due to the well-established safety profile of CBP at much higher doses than we proposed for FM and the long-term safety data in PTSD, up to 15 months, on Tonmya 5.6 mg, the FDA has not requested a risk management plan or medication guide for this product.

 

Other NDA Requirements

 

Phase 1 Bioequivalence, Bridging PK, Food-Effect and Dose-Proportionality Studies

 

We have completed the required Phase 1 bioequivalence, multi-dose bridging pharmacokinetic, and food effect and dose-proportionality studies.

 

Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride Nonclinical Development

 

In October 2016, we completed the six-month repeated-dose toxicology study of the active ingredient, CBP, in rats and a nine-month repeated-dose toxicology study in dogs required for the NDA filing. These chronic toxicity studies were requested by the FDA to augment the nonclinical information in the AMRIX prescribing information, or labeling, which is necessary to support the TNX-102 SL labeling for long-term use. Due to the lack of evidence of potential abuse in clinical studies of TNX-102 SL, the FDA agreed that nonclinical study to assess CBP abuse potential is not required to support the TNX-102 SL NDA filing.

 

We are planning to develop TNX-102 SL for the treatment of FM in Japan. Cyclobenzaprine, the active ingredient of TNX-102 SL, has not been approved in Japan, and is considered a new chemical entity NCE. In February 2022, we held an End of Phase 2 Consultation with the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, or PMDA, an independent administrative institution responsible for ensuring the safety, efficacy and quality of pharmaceuticals and medical devices in Japan, to discuss the Japan development plan. Agreement was reached on the design of a Phase 1 bridging study (TNX-CY-F108/F108) in ethnic Japanese healthy volunteers to enable clinical studies of TNX-102 SL in Japan. PMDA also provided guidance on the overall nonclinical package to support a Japan NDA filing for TNX-102 SL for the treatment of FM.

 

The F108 Phase 1 study was initiated in March 2022 and the clinical phase was completed in May 2022. Since the similarity in PK profile between people of Japanese and Chinese descent was confirmed, the PK data from the two ethnic groups were pooled as for Asian data (n=20) and compared retrospectively with the Caucasian study data from Study TNX-CY-F110 (n=16). The Asian/Caucasian geometric mean ratios of cyclobenzaprine Cmax, AUC0-T and AUC0-∞ were between 0.9 and 1.11 after both the 5.6 mg dose and the 2.8 mg dose. The 90% CI of Asian/Caucasian geometric mean ratios for Cmax, AUC0-T and AUC0-∞, were all within the formal narrow equivalence limit of 0.8 to 1.25 after both the 5.6mg dose and 2.8mg dose, respectively. These results support similarity in cyclobenzaprine PK between Asian (pooled Japanese and Chinese) and Caucasian samples.

 

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We have initiated nonclinical safety, pharmacology and embryo-fetal development toxicology studies as part of the agreed IND-enabling nonclinical data package to support clinical studies of Tonmya in Japan.

 

TNX 102 SL – Fibromyalgia-type Long COVID Program 

 

We are developing TNX-102 SL as a bedtime treatment for fibromyalgia-type Long COVID. The potential approval of TNX-102 SL for Long COVID is expected to be under Section 505(b)(2) of the FDCA.  

 

Completed Phase 2 PREVAIL Study (TNX-CY-PA201)

 

We initiated a Phase 2 study of TNX-102 SL as a treatment for fibromyalgia-type Long COVID, in August 2022. The study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TNX-102 SL for fibromyalgia-type Long COVID. In the study, 63 subjects were enrolled and randomized 1:1 across approximately 30 U.S. sites to receive either TNX-102 SL or placebo daily at bedtime for 14 weeks. Subjects started with one TNX-102 SL 2.8 mg tablet or one placebo tablet for the first 2 weeks and then increased to TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg (2 x 2.8 mg tablets) or two placebo tablets for the remaining 12 weeks of the treatment period. Given the lack of Long COVID treatments and the size of the current proof-of-concept study, an effect size (“ES”) ≥ 0.2 was the pre-specified threshold for declaring the primary endpoint positive. The study trended towards a benefit but did not achieve statistical significance on the primary efficacy endpoint of change from baseline in the diary numerical rating scale (NRS) weekly average of daily self-reported worst Long COVID pain intensity scores for TNX-102 SL at the Week 14 endpoint versus placebo ES = 0.08)

 

The change from baseline to the Week 14 endpoint for the daily sleep quality diary, PROMIS Sleep Disturbance, PROMIS Fatigue, PROMIS Cognitive function, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Sheehan Disability Scale showed numerical improvements in (MMRM, ES ≥ 0.2): sleep diary (MMRM, ES =0.23), PROMIS sleep Disturbance (MMRM, ES=0.32), PROMIS fatigue (MMRM, ES=0.50), PROMIS Cognitive Function – Abilities, (MMRM, ES=0.21), the ISI (ANCOVA, ES=0.24) and the Sheehan Disability Scale (ANCOVA, ES=0.26). Moreover, robust activity was observed in the PGIC responder (very much improved or much improved) rate for TNX-102 SL compared to placebo: week 6 (31.3% vs. 9.7%, difference=21.6%), week 10 (28.1% vs. 12.9%, difference=15.2%), week 14 (34.4% vs. 16.1%, difference=18.2%). TNX-102 SL was generally well tolerated with an adverse event (“AE”) profile comparable to prior studies with TNX-102 SL. AE-related discontinuations were similar in drug and placebo arms. No new safety signals were observed.

 

We intend to request an End-of-Phase 2 meeting with the FDA to discuss a potential Phase 3 program based on a proposed primary outcome measure using the PROMIS Fatigue scale. Fatigue is the symptom of Long COVID that principally overlaps with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis and fibromyalgia. In the NIH funded RECOVER study analysis, fatigue was the top featured symptom and is common in each of the four clusters.  

 

TNX-102 SL – Acute Stress Disorder Program

 

TNX-102 SL is being developed as a bedtime treatment for ASR in collaboration with the University of North Carolina under an investigator-initiated IND. 

 

Phase 2 OASIS Study

 

This investigator-initiated study will be conducted by the University of North Carolina Institute for Trauma Recovery. The University of North Carolina has been awarded a $3 million grant from the DoD to investigate the potential of Tonix’s TNX-102 SL to reduce the frequency and severity of adverse effects of acute trauma. The proposed Optimizing Acute Stress reaction Interventions with TNX-102 SL (OASIS) trial will examine the safety and efficacy of TNX-102 SL to reduce adverse posttraumatic neuropsychiatric sequelae among patients presenting to the emergency department after a motor vehicle collision. The trial will enroll approximately 180 individuals who acutely experienced trauma at study sites across the U.S. and participants will be randomized in the emergency department to receive a two-week course of either TNX-102 SL or placebo.

 

The OASIS trial will build upon a foundation of knowledge and infrastructure developed through the University of North Carolina-led, $40 million AURORA initiative. The AURORA study is a major national research initiative to improve the understanding, prevention, and recovery of individuals who have experienced a traumatic event. AURORA is supported by funding from the NIH, leading brain health nonprofit One Mind, private foundations, and partnerships with leading tech companies such as Mindstrong Health and Verily Life Sciences, the health care arm of Google’s parent company Alphabet.

 

Initiation of patient enrollment in the proposed investigator sponsored OASIS trial is anticipated in the second quarter of 2024. The FDA granted IND clearance in the first quarter of 2024. 

 

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Long-Term Safety Exposure Study for TNX-102 SL

 

In October 2019, we completed long-term safety exposure studies in participants with PTSD to evaluate the tolerability of TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg to support an NDA for the treatment of PTSD. The data provide us with exposure data of daily dosing of TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg for at least 12 months in more than 50 individuals, and daily dosing of TNX-102 SL 5.6 mg for at least 6 months in more than 100 individuals. The data was collected in OLE studies of the PTSD program.  Based on the FDA’s guidance, the long-term safety exposure studies in PTSD are also expected to support an NDA for the management of fibromyalgia. 

 

Manufacturing 

Tonmya drug product for Phase 3 and the associated registration batches for the NDA were manufactured at commercial cGMP facilities. We currently have 36-month stability data in the proposed packaging configurations ready for commercialization. The FDA has reviewed the proposed CMC data package to support TNX-102 SL’s NDA approval and commercial manufacturing plans as part of the IND process. Tonix is ready to manufacture TNX-102 SL commercial product for the forecasted fibromyalgia market. 

 

TNX-1300 – Cocaine Intoxication

 

TNX-1300 (T172R/G173Q double-mutant cocaine esterase 200 mg, i.v. solution) is being developed for the treatment of cocaine intoxication. TNX-1300 is a recombinant protein enzyme produced through rDNA technology in a non-disease-producing strain of E. coli bacteria. Cocaine Esterase (CocE) was identified in bacteria (Rhodococcus) that use cocaine as the sole source of carbon and nitrogen and that grow in soil surrounding coca plants. The gene encoding CocE was identified and the protein was extensively characterized. CocE catalyzes the breakdown of cocaine into metabolite ecgonine methyl ester and benzoic acid. Wild-type CocE is unstable at body temperature, so targeted mutations were introduced in the CocE gene and resulted in the T172R/G173Q double-mutant CocE, which is active for approximately 6 hours at body temperature.

 

Currently there is no specific pharmacotherapy indicated for cocaine intoxication, a state characterized by acute agitation, hyperthermia, tachycardia, arrhythmias, and hypertension, with the potential life-threatening sequalae of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, rhabdomyolysis, respiratory failure, and seizures. Patients are currently managed only by supportive care for the adverse effects of cocaine overdose on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. By targeting the cause of cocaine intoxication, rather than the symptoms like other medicines in emergency usage, we believe TNX-1300 may offer significant advantages to the current standard of care for cocaine overdose. TNX-1300 was developed by Columbia University, University of Kentucky and University of Michigan, and in-licensed by Tonix from Columbia University in 2019.

 

In a Phase 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study, TNX-1300 at 100 mg or 200 mg i.v. doses was well tolerated and interrupted cocaine effects after cocaine 50 mg i.v. challenge. 

 

In August 2022, we announced that we received a Cooperative Agreement grant from NIDA, part of NIH, to support development of TNX-1300. A positive Phase 2a study of volunteer cocaine users in a controlled laboratory setting has been previously completed. TNX-1300 has been granted Breakthrough Therapy designation by the FDA.

 

As a biologic and new molecular entity, TNX-1300 is eligible for 12 years of U.S. market exclusivity upon approval by the FDA, in addition to expected patent protection through 2029. Since in-licensing, Tonix has requalified existing inventory, developed a lyophilized drug product to facilitate enhanced stability and handling conditions applicable for an ER treatment, updated the process and analytical methods to current standards and is in the process of manufacturing Phase 2/3 drug product clinical supply.

 

We expect to initiate a Phase 2 clinical trial of TNX-1300 in the second quarter of 2024. The Phase 2 trial is a single-blind, open-label, placebo-controlled, randomized study comparing the safety of a single 200 mg dose of TNX-1300 to standard of care alone in approximately 60 emergency department patients presenting with cocaine intoxication.

 

TNX-2900 – Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)

 

TNX-2900 is based on our patented intranasal potentiated oxytocin formulation, or TNX-1900, but being developed for PWS. Tonix licensed technology using oxytocin-based therapeutics for the treatment of PWS and non-organic failure to thrive disease from the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm). The licensing agreement has been negotiated and signed by Inserm Transfert, the private subsidiary of Inserm, on behalf of Inserm (the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research), Aix-Marseille Université and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire of Toulouse. PWS is recognized as the most common genetic cause of life-threatening childhood obesity and affects males and females with equal frequency and all races and ethnicities. There is currently no approved treatment for either the suckling deficit in infants or the obesity and hyperphagia in older children associated with PWS. Since PWS is an orphan disease that occurs in approximately one in 15,000 births, TNX-2900 for PWS has been granted Orphan Drug Designation and Rare Pediatric Disease Designation by the FDA. Tonix completed a pre-IND meeting with the FDA in November 2022 to discuss the most efficient and appropriate investigational plan to establish the safety and effectiveness evidence to support the approval of TNX-2900, and Tonix has received IND clearance.

 

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In 2022, Tonix entered into a research collaboration with Inserm involving in vitro and in vivo animal studies designed to validate and characterize the role of oxytocin in suckling and in the maturation of feeding behavior during infancy in order to support an intranasal therapeutic approach to restore a normal nutritive suckling. The studies will include mice that have been engineered to precisely recapitulate the genetic issue underlying PWS in humans. 

 

The mechanisms involved in suckling activity required for normal feeding and the role of oxytocin system in this process will be investigated. The results of this work are expected to be useful in the clinical care of infants requiring support to achieve efficient suckling behavior. Intranasal oxytocin has previously been shown to improve suckling in newborn animals and suppress feeding behaviors in adult animal models.

 

TNX-1500 – Organ Transplant Rejection/Autoimmune Conditions

 

TNX-1500 is a humanized mAb directed against CD40-ligand, or CD40L (also known as CD154), engineered to modulate binding to Fc receptors, that is being developed to prevent and treat organ transplant rejection as well as to treat autoimmune conditions. TNX-1500 incorporates the antigen binding fragment (Fab) region of hu5c8, which has been extensively characterized including at the atomic level in complex with CD40-ligand. A Phase 1 study of TNX-1500 in healthy volunteers was initiated in the second quarter of 2023 and has completed the clinical phase. Topline results are expected in the third quarter of 2024. 

 

In pre-clinical experiments at MGH, TNX-1500 is being studied as monotherapy or in combination with immunosuppressive drugs in heart and kidney organ transplants in non-human primates. The data demonstrates that TNX-1500 showed activity in preventing organ rejection and was well tolerated in non-human primates. Blockade of CD40L with TNX-1500 monotherapy consistently and safely prevented pathologic alloimmunity in non-human primate models of cardiac and kidney allograft model without clinical thrombosis. Furthermore, pre-clinical research supports TNX-1500’s activity in preventing pig xenograft organ rejection.

 

CD40-ligand is a protein expressed on the surface of activated T lymphocytes that mediates T cell helper function. CD40-ligand is also known as CD154, the T cell-B cell activating molecule (T-BAM), TRAP and gp39. CD154 is a member of the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Super Family. No mAb against CD154 has been approved for commercial use anywhere in the world. Other TNF Super Family members have been successfully targeted by antagonist mAbs. Approved mAbs against TNFα include: infliximab (Remicade®), adalimumab (Humira®), certolizumab pegol (Cimzia®), and golimumab (Simponi®) for the treatment of certain autoimmune conditions. Also, etanercept (Enbrel®) is a TNFα antagonist receptor fusion protein. An approved mAb against RANKL (CD254) is denosumab (Prolia® or Xgeva®) for the treatment of osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, metastases to bone, and giant cell tumor of bone.

 

In January 2021, the World Intellectual Property Organization published a patent application filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty covering TNX-1500, a humanized mAb directed against CD40-ligand, which is also known as CD154. The patent application is titled “Anti-CD154 Antibodies and Uses Thereof” and published under International Publication No. WO 2021/001458 A1. The application entered national phase in December 2021. The patent applications include claims related to proprietary anti-human CD40-ligand mAbs that were engineered to have modified effector function, including TNX-1500, which have reduced potential for Fc binding to FcγRII. The patent applications also claim uses of TNX-1500 for preventing and treating conditions, such as organ transplant rejection and autoimmune disorders. If claims are granted, a patent issuing from a national stage of this application could potentially provide U.S. patent coverage for the TNX-1500 composition of matter through 2040 excluding possible patent term extensions or patent term adjustments. We also have filed a PCT patent application, PCT/US2022/011404, in January 2022, entitled “Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies.” It claims methods of inducing immune tolerance in transplant recipients using anti-CD154 antibodies having modified effector functions. Tonix completed a pre-IND meeting with the FDA in October 2022 to discuss the most efficient and appropriate investigational plan to establish the safety and effectiveness evidence to support the licensure of TNX-1500. The IND was cleared and a Phase 1 study of TNX-1500 in healthy volunteers was initiated in the second quarter of 2023 and completed the clinical phase in the first quarter of 2024.

 

Remicade® and Simponi® are trademarks of Janssen; Humira® is a trademark of AbbVie Inc.; Cimzia® is a trademark of UCB S. A.; Enbrel®, Prolia® and Xgeva® are trademarks of Amgen Inc.

 

TNX-801 – Potential Smallpox and Mpox Vaccine

 

TNX-801 is a novel potential smallpox- and mpox-preventing vaccine based on a synthetic version of live horsepox virus, grown in cell culture. Though it shares structural characteristics with vaccinia-based vaccines, TNX-801 has unique properties that we believe indicate potential safety advantages over existing live replicating vaccinia virus vaccines, which have been associated with adverse side effects such as myopericarditis in some individuals.  Emergent BioSolutions’ ACAM2000® is the only replicating vaccinia virus vaccine currently approved by the FDA to protect against smallpox. We believe replicating virus vaccines have potential efficacy advantages over non-replicating vaccines, relating to the stimulation of cell mediated immunity. Bavarian Nordic’s Jynneos® is the only non-replicating virus vaccine currently approved by the FDA to protect against smallpox and mpox. Jynneos® requires two-doses, with an efficacy of approximately 35% after one dose. During the most recent mpox outbreak in the United States, dropout between doses was 24%. We believe TNX-801 has the potential to have improved tolerability relative to replicating vaccinia vaccines and the potential to have improved efficacy relative to non-replicating vaccinia vaccines. We also believe that TNX-801 would require only one dose. 

 

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Smallpox was eradicated by a World Health Organization program that vaccinated individuals with live replicating vaccinia vaccines wherever smallpox appeared. In the 1970s, vaccination of civilians to protect against smallpox was discontinued in the U.S.; however, smallpox remains a material threat to national security and a proportion of military personnel, including members of the Global Response Force, continue to be vaccinated. The Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense (2024) noted that “Smallpox and other orthopoxviruses pose significant threats to the United States and the world due to their potential for weaponization, accidental release, and vulnerability of populations who stopped routinely vaccinating against smallpox in the 1970s” (Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense. 

 

We are developing TNX-801 as a potential smallpox- and mpox-preventing vaccine for the U.S. strategic national stockpile and for potential widespread immunization in the event of malicious reintroduction of variola, the virus that causes smallpox.

 

Mpox remains a growing epidemic threat in certain regions of Africa and beyond. Starting in May of 2022, cases of mpox have been reported outside of Africa in patients who had not been infected while in Africa. More than 93,000 cases have been reported as of Feb. 2024 with 32,000 reported in the U.S. according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

 

In January 2020 at the American Society of Microbiology Biothreats conference, we reported the results of experiments on TNX-801 that were performed in collaboration with Southern Research, that showed TNX-801 vaccinated macaques were protected against monkeypox challenge. The TNX-801 vaccinated macaques showed no overt clinical signs after monkeypox challenge. Furthermore, eight of eight animals vaccinated with two different doses of TNX-801 showed no lesions after monkeypox challenge. These results were published in the peer-reviewed journal Viruses in 2023. In October 2023, at the World Vaccine Congress - Europe, we reported that the TNX-801 vaccine was shown to be greater than 10-1,000 fold more attenuated than older vaccinia-based smallpox vaccines in both human primary cell lines and immunocompromised mice and that work has been posted on BioRxiv, which is not peer-reviewed.

 

We hold a U.S. Patent for TNX-801 smallpox and mpox vaccine and Recombinant Pox Virus (RPV) platform technology. This patent is expected to provide Tonix with U.S. market exclusivity until 2037, excluding any possible patent term extensions or patent term adjustments. In addition, we expect that TNX-801 will be eligible for 12 years of non-patent-based exclusivity under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, or PPACA.

 

In August 2023 we received pre-IND meeting written responses from the FDA. Tonix believes the FDA feedback provides a path to agreement on the design of a Phase 1/2 study and the overall clinical development plan. The Phase 1/2 clinical trial will assess the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of TNX-801, following the submission and clearance of an IND. We are actively working to develop a vaccine that meeting cGMP quality to support a clinical study.

 

TNX-1800 – Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

 

TNX-1800 is an attenuated, live virus vaccine based on our RPV platform that expresses the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the ancestral Wuhan strain. TNX-1800 is being further developed to rapidly address new variants as they emerge. The vaccine platform itself can carry a payload of genes. The vaccine protects against COVID-19 by eliciting a durable T cell, humoral and mucosal immune response. It is delivered in only one dose and is being configured for simplified delivery by using a microneedle patch to increase accessibility and acceptability. In November 2023, Tonix announced that the NIAID, a part of the NIH, will conduct a Phase 1 clinical trial with TNX-1800 as part of the Project NextGen Covid-19 Vaccine initiative. This NIAID/NIH program is funded to take selected NextGen vaccine candidates into Phase 1 and Phase 2 trials.

 

The COVID-19 vaccines that are approved for use in the U.S. have provided significant health benefits to the vaccinated population; however, they have shown limitations in the durability of protection conferred and in their limited ability to block the spread of infection (forward transmission). Live virus vaccines that protect against other viral diseases by eliciting T cell responses have shown durability of protection that lasts years to decades and some live virus vaccines have significantly inhibited forward transmission (e.g. smallpox). The TNX-1800 vaccine development plan is wholly consistent with priority vaccine attributes advanced by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy’s Pandemic Preparedness Plan (“AP3”) from September 2021, the National Biodefense Science Board report from August 2023, and the BARDA Strategic Plan 2022-2026. Tonix believes its RPV platform can address a wide variety of disease targets of public health interest. 

 

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The results of a non-human primate study data showing the protective effect of TNX-1800 vaccine was published in the peer-reviewed journal Vaccines in 2023 and show that TNX-1800 induces complete protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection as well as evidence that indicates an impact on spread of infection. These data also confirm that “take” is a biomarker of protection of upper and lower airways from SARS-CoV-2 challenge, and a biomarker of immunological response to TNX-1800’s cargo COVID-19 antigen, which is the CoV-2 spike protein. Tonix has also began undertaking studies to show attenuation of the RPV platform itself, in order to evaluate the potential use of the live vaccine platform in the immunocompromised host by the use of mouse model system. These data (detailed below) demonstrate that the RPV vaccine platform that is used for TNX-1800 is >10- to 1,000-fold more attenuated than older VACV-based smallpox vaccines in human primary cell lines and immunocompromised mice (Trefry, SV et al. Recombinant chimeric Horsepox Virus (TNX-801) is attenuated relative to Vaccinia Virus Strains in Human Primary Cell Lines and in Immunocompromised Mice. 

 

We received pre-IND meeting written responses from the FDA in 2021 regarding our investigational plan to establish the safety and effectiveness evidence in support of the licensure of TNX-1800. We believe that the FDA feedback provides a clear pathway forward towards utilizing its underlying RPV platform for a COVID-19 vaccine.

 

We announced the issuance of U.S. Patent for TNX-801 smallpox and mpox vaccine and RPV platform technology. This patent is expected to provide Tonix with U.S. market exclusivity until 2037, excluding any possible patent term extensions or patent term adjustments, and also expect 12 years of non-patent-based exclusivity under PPACA.

 

Scientific Results

 

At the World Vaccine Congress in October 2023, Tonix presented its positive, published non-human primate data for the TNX-1800 (spike from Wuhan strain) from animal challenge studies using live SARS-CoV- 2. In this study TNX-1800 vaccinated, SARS-CoV-2 challenged animals had undetectable SARS-CoV-2 in the upper airways, which we believe relates to potential inhibition of forward transmission of this respiratory pathogen. Further, as an expected additional outcome, all 16 animals vaccinated with either dose of TNX-1800 or the control TNX-801 manifested a “take”, or cutaneous response, signaling that the horsepox vector elicits a strong T cell immune response. These results support the expectation that TNX-1800 at the low dose of 1 x 106 PFU is an appropriate dose for a one-dose vaccine in humans.  These data were published in the peer-reviewed journal Vaccines in 2023.

 

Additional studies have been undertaken to show attenuation of the RPV platform alone (TNX-801), in order to evaluate the potential use of this live vaccine in the immunocompromised host. These data demonstrate that the RPV platform used with TNX-1800 is >10- to 1,000-fold more attenuated than older VACV-based smallpox vaccines in human primary cell lines and immunocompromised mice.

 

 

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TNX-1900 –Adolescent Obesity, Binge Eating Disorder and Social Anxiety

 

TNX-1900 (intranasal potentiated oxytocin) is a proprietary formulation of oxytocin primarily in development under investigator-initiated INDs for the treatment of adolescent obesity, binge eating disorder, bone health in pediatric autism, and social anxiety disorder. In 2020, TNX-1900 was acquired from Trigemina, Inc. and licensed from Stanford University. TNX-1900 is a drug-device combination product, based on an intranasal actuator device that delivers oxytocin into the nose.

 

Oxytocin is a naturally occurring human hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain. Oxytocin has no recognized addiction potential. It has been observed that low oxytocin levels in the body can lead to an increase in migraine headache frequency, and that increased oxytocin levels can relieve migraine headaches. Certain other chronic pain conditions are also associated with decreased oxytocin levels.

 

With TNX-1900, the addition of magnesium to the oxytocin formula enhances oxytocin receptor binding as well as its effects on trigeminal neurons and craniofacial analgesic effects in animal models. Intranasal oxytocin has been well tolerated in several clinical trials in both adults and children.

 

We initiated a Phase 2 study of TNX-1900 for the prevention of migraine headaches in chronic migraineurs in the first quarter of 2023. Topline results from the study, reported in December 2023, showed that TNX-1900 did not meet the primary endpoint of reducing migraine days. We discontinued the program. TNX-1900 was generally well-tolerated with no treatment-emergent serious or severe adverse events.

 

There are three ongoing Phase 2 investigator-led studies enrolling at MGH: the POWER study for the treatment of adolescent obesity, the STROBE study for the treatment of BED, and the BOX study for the treatment of bone health in pediatric autism. In addition to the studies at MGH, Tonix is conducting an investigator-initiated study of TNX-1900 for the treatment of SAD at the University of Washington.

 

Tonix’s Facilities Overview

 

Relating to our COVID-19 and other infectious disease development programs, we seek to be a leader in the movement to re-build domestic U.S. research, development and manufacturing capabilities. Because this movement follows a protracted period when domestic research, development and manufacturing were moved out of the U.S., or “off-shore” by other companies to save on labor and other costs, the movement to reverse that trend has been described as “on-shoring” or “re-domestication”. The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated that national borders may close during a health emergency. Therefore, domestic capabilities are essential for the health security of the U.S., which has also been described as pandemic preparedness and biodefense. As articulated in the American Pandemic Preparedness Plan, or AP3 released by the U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy, this 100-day goal for vaccines is a key component of preparedness for future pandemics. Our goal is to establish the infrastructure necessary to support the pandemic preparedness goals established in the AP3, specifically with respect to our RPV vaccine platform and potentially to other vaccine and therapeutic platforms.

 

The Research & Development Center (RDC)

 

We own the approximately 48,000 square foot RDC facility in Frederick, Maryland. The RDC facility is operational and focuses on our development of vaccines and antiviral drugs against COVID-19, its variants, and other infectious diseases. The RDC also conducts research on CNS and immunology drugs. The RDC facility is biosafety level 2 (BSL-2) with BSL-3 components.

 

The Advanced Development Center (ADC)

 

The ADC located in the New Bedford business park in Dartmouth, Massachusetts is operational and intended to accelerate development and clinical scale manufacturing of live-virus vaccines and biologics to support Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials. ADC includes single-use bioreactors and purification suites with equipment for Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) production of vaccines for and biologics clinical trials, including the capability of producing sterile vaccines in glass bottles.

 

The ADC is an approximately 45,000 square foot BSL-2 facility which can employ up to 70 researchers, scientists, manufacturing, and technical support staff. We have engaged CBRE, an international real estate brokerage firm, to find a strategic partner for, or buyer of, ADC.

 

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Marketing, Sales and Distribution

 

Marketing activity for Zembrace Symtouch and Tosymra in the United States will be conducted by our wholly-owned subsidiary, Tonix Medicines, Inc. We focus our sales and marketing efforts on physicians in private practice and in public treatment systems. We employ standard pharmaceutical marketing practices to promote our products, encompassing advertisements, professional symposia, sales initiatives, and educational outreach aimed at physicians, nurses, social workers, counselors, and other stakeholders involved in treating acute migraine in adults. We have established contracts with third-party vendors to handle logistics, offer customer services, and manage other related aspects for our products. These services include managing product-specific websites, conducting insurance research, processing orders, and handling delivery and fulfillment services. Zembrace Symtouch and Tosymra are primarily sold to pharmaceutical wholesalers, pharmacies, and specialty distributors.

  

We intend to implement patient access programs and expand distribution channels in our marketing efforts for our migraine drugs.

 

Competition

 

Our sector faces intense competition and experiences rapid, substantial technological advancements both domestically and internationally. Our potential competitors encompass major pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms, specialty pharmaceutical and generic drug manufacturers, academic institutions, government agencies, and research organizations. We consider efficacy, safety, tolerability, reliability, pricing, and reimbursement levels as crucial competitive factors influencing the development and commercial success of our product candidates. Numerous potential competitors, including some of the organizations listed below, possess considerably larger financial, technical, and human resources, as well as extensive experience in discovering and developing product candidates, securing FDA and other regulatory approvals, and commercializing those products, far surpassing our own capabilities. Hence, our competitors might achieve greater success in securing FDA approval for drugs and gaining widespread market acceptance compared to us. The drugs offered by our competitors may prove to be more effective or better marketed and sold than any product we bring to market, potentially rendering our product candidates obsolete or non-competitive before we can recoup the expenses incurred in their development and commercialization. We expect to encounter heightened competition as the market sees the introduction of new drugs and the emergence of advanced technologies. Additionally, the evolution of novel treatment approaches for the conditions we are focusing on may potentially diminish the competitiveness or relevance of our drugs. Below, we provide an overview of the competitive landscape for the indications where Tonix has product candidates either in or nearing the clinical stages of development.

 

Migraine

 

Zembrace Symtouch and Tosymra are indicated for the treatment of acute migraine and compete with generic versions of sumatriptan. Zembrace is an autoinjector formulation of sumatriptan and competes with generic subcutaneous products. Tosymra is an intranasal formulation of sumatriptan and competes with generic intranasal products. Zembrace and Tosymra also compete with the new molecular entities including oral migraine therapies such as Nurtec® (Rimegepant) from Pfizer Inc. and Ubrelvy® (Ubrogepant) and QULIPTA® (atogepant) from AbbVie Inc. and intranasal migraine therapies such as Zavzpret™ (vazegepant) by Pfizer, Inc.

 

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Fibromyalgia

 

Tonix is developing TNX-102 SL for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Products approved for the treatment of fibromyalgia include Lyrica® (pregabalin), developed by Pfizer, Inc., Cymbalta® (duloxetine), developed by Eli Lilly and Company, and Savella® (milnacipran) marketed by AbbVie. Pregabalin and duloxetine are available as generics, while Savella still enjoys exclusivity. Tonix is aware of several other companies developing treatments for fibromyalgia. Axsome Therapeutics expects to submit an NDA for AXS-14 (esreboxetine) for the management of fibromyalgia in the first half of 2024. UCB S.A. is developing Rystiggo® (rozanolixizumab), a monoclonal antibody targeting the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) blocker in a Phase 2 trial to treat adults with severe fibromyalgia syndrome. Scilex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. have a Phase 1, open label, randomized, single-dose, 3-period, 3-treatment crossover study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of SP-104 under fasting and fed conditions and to compare to Naltrexone Hydrochloride Tablets USP in healthy adult subjects in New Zealand. Virios Therapeutics, Inc. is investigating IMC-1 for the treatment of fibromyalgia. In September 2023, Tryp Therapeutics, Inc. initiated a Phase IIa, open-label, pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of Psilocybin (TRP-8802) administration in concert with psychotherapy among adult patients with fibromyalgia. In the first quarter of 2024, Silo Pharma announced preclinical data on SP-26, its novel time-released, dose-controlled formulation of ketamine initially targeted for fibromyalgia. 

 

Long COVID (Post-Acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 Infection or PASC)

 

There currently are no approved products for the treatment of long COVID/PASC. Tonix is aware of several companies developing therapeutics for long COVID including, but not limited to, Direct Biologics, LLC (DB-001 in Phase III), American CryoStem Corporation, Ampio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (AMPE), Pieris Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Resolve Therapeutics, LLC, GeNeuro, Organicell Regenerative Medicine, Inc., Berlin Cures Holding AG (Phase II currently enrolling in Europe) and Statera BioPharma, Inc.

 

PaxMedica, Inc. is developing PAX-101 for the treatment of long COVID-19. Virios Therapeutics, Inc. announced that it is targeting the initiation of a phase II program for IMC-2 (combination of valacyclovir and celecoxib) as a treatment for the fatigue, orthostatic intolerance and other symptoms associated with Long COVID in second half of 2024.

 

Acute Stress Reaction/Acute Stress Disorder (ASR/ASD)

 

There are no approved drugs for treating ASR or for the prevention of ASD or PTSD.

 

Cocaine Intoxication

 

There are no approved antidotes for the treatment of cocaine intoxication. Patients generally receive supportive care. We are not aware of any drugs in development for the treatment of cocaine intoxication. We are aware of companies that are targeting cocaine use disorder and we monitor their progress. 

 

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Anti-CD40-ligand Monoclonal Antibodies

 

We are aware of several companies developing biologics that target the CD40L molecule and block its interaction with CD40 including Sanofi, UCB, Eledon Pharmaceuticals, and Amgen (which acquired Horizon Therapeutics plc). In February 2024, Sanofi published their Phase II clinical trial of frexalimab in people with relapsing multiple sclerosis in The New England Journal of Medicine. The phase II trial involving participants with multiple sclerosis, inhibition of CD40L with frexalimab had an effect that generally favored a greater reduction in the number of new gadolinium-enhancing T1-weighted lesions at week 12 as compared with placebo. In August 2023, H.Lundbeck A/S (in partnership with AprilBio) completed their phase I, 2-part, single ascending dose, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of Lu AG22515 (APB-A1) in healthy adult subjects. There are multiple companies in the process of developing antagonistic anti-CD40 mAbs, including Novartis, Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Kiniska Pharmaceuticals, Boston Immune Therapies, and NapaJen Pharma Inc. 

 

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) 

 

Somatropin, which targets the Growth Hormone Receptor is approved in the U.S. and marketed by Pfizer Inc. and Novo Nordisk. Novartis AG markets Omnitrope® in Europe. There are no approved products for the treatment of hyperphagia or over-eating in PWS. Patients generally receive care to best manage individual symptom presentation. ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. currently have ACP-101 (intranasal carbetocin) (acquired Levo Therapeutics in June 2022) in a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week clinical study to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability, of ACP-101 in PWS with long term follow-up. Soleno is developing diazoxide chloride controlled release (DCCR) which had positive results in a randomized withdrawal study of PWS and based on which Soleno expects to file an NDA. Tonix is aware of several companies that are focused on developing a therapeutic for the treatment of PWS including, but not limited to, Aadvark Therapeutics, ConSynance Therapeutics, Lipidio Pharma, Helsinn, Inversago Pharma, Saniona, 9 Meters Biopharma, Neuren Pharmaceuticals, Neuracle Science, Harmony Biosciences Holding Inc., and Notitia Biotechnologies. 

 

Carmot Therapeutics Inc. announced that they plan to release Phase I single ascending dose (SAD)/MAD data for CT-PYY in 2025 for the treatment of PWS. Harmony Biosciences Holdings, Inc. just received Orphan Drug Designation for their asset Wakix (pitolisant hydrochloride) for the treatment of PWS. Harmony Biosciences announced initial topline results from its Phase II proof-of-concept study in patients with PWS, which showed a signal on improvement in the primary outcome related to excessive daytime sleepiness in November 2022. Neuren Pharmaceuticals Limited initiated their Phase II in August 2023.

 

Gastric and Colorectal Cancer

 

The effectiveness of KEYTRUDA® has sparked a surge of activity in the field of oncology and immunotherapy, driving a multitude of research endeavors focused on enhancing cancer treatment results and prolonging patient survival. GRANITE for colorectal cancer is in Phase III for Gritstone bio, Inc. Last year, Amgen Inc. announced topline results for the global Phase III CodeBreaK 300 study evaluating LUMAKRAS combined with Vectibix vs current standard of care in chemorefractory metastatic KRAS G12C-mutated colorectal cancer. Again in 2023, Bexion Pharmaceuticals announced that the first adult patient has been dosed in the Phase Ib/II placebo controlled, double blinded study on the efficacy and safety of BXQ-350 in combination with mFOLFOX7 and Bevacizumab in newly diagnosed metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Several other companies developing biologics for the treatment of gastric and colorectal cancer include Medivir AB (Birinapant), PDS Biotechnology Corporation, GSK plc (Jemperli) in partnership with AnaptysBio, Inc. 

 

COVID-19 Vaccine

 

Vaccines for COVID-19 granted full FDA regulatory approval include Comirnaty® (BNT162b2), marketed by Pfizer-BioNTech, Spikevax® (mRNA-1273), marketed by Moderna, Inc. and Covovax® (NVX-CoV2373) marketed by Novavax. Other vaccines have received emergency use authorization (“EUA”) in international markets. Other companies developing COVID-19 vaccines include Ocugen Inc., Invivyd, Inc. and Vaxxinity, Inc.. Ocugen’s OCU500 was selected by NIH/NIAID Project NextGen for clinical trials. 

 

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Smallpox and Mpox Vaccines and Antivirals

 

Vaccines approved for the prevention of smallpox include ACAM2000®, marketed by Emergent BioSolutions and JYNNEOS®, marketed by Bavarian Nordic. JYNNEOS® is also approved for the prevention of mpox. Approved antivirals for smallpox include TPOXX®, marketed by SIGA and TEMBEXA®, marketed by Chimerix. These antivirals are not FDA approved for the treatment of mpox. Tonix is aware of other companies developing treatments for smallpox and mpox including Moderna, EpiVax, Inc., Emergex Vaccines Holding Ltd., BioFactura, Blue Water Vaccines, NightHawk Biosciences, Ascletis Pharma, Inc., and Hyundai Bioscience Co., Ltd.

  

Intellectual Property

 

We believe that we have an extensive patent portfolio and substantial know-how relating to Tonmya/TNX-102 SL, Zembrace, Tosymra, TNX-1300, TNX-1500, TNX-2900, TNX-1900, TNX-801, TNX-1800 and TNX-1700, and our other product candidates. Our patent portfolio, described more fully below, includes claims directed to various compositions and methods of use related to our product candidates. As of March 8, 2024, the patents we are either the owner of record of or own the contractual right to include 42 issued U.S. patents and 337 issued non-U.S. patents. We are actively pursuing an additional 23 U.S. non-provisional patent applications, 4 international patent applications, and 237 non-U.S./non-international patent applications.

 

We strive to protect the proprietary technology that we believe is important to our business, including our proprietary technology platform, our product candidates, and our processes. We seek patent protection in the U.S. and internationally for our products, their methods of use and processes of manufacture, and any other technology to which we have rights, where available and when appropriate. We also rely on trade secrets that may be important to the development of our business.

 

Our success will depend on 1) the ability to obtain and maintain patent and other proprietary rights in commercially important technology, inventions and know-how related to our business, 2) the validity and enforceability of our patents, 3) the continued confidentiality of our trade secrets, and 4) our ability to operate without infringing the valid and enforceable patents and proprietary rights of third parties. We also rely on continuing technological innovation and in-licensing opportunities to develop and maintain our proprietary position.

 

We cannot be certain that patents will be granted with respect to any of our pending patent applications or with respect to any patent applications we may own or license in the future, nor can we be certain that any of our existing patents or any patents we may own or license in the future will be useful in protecting our technology. For this and more comprehensive risks related to our intellectual property, please see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Intellectual Property.”

 

The term of individual patents depends upon the legal term of the patents in the countries in which they are obtained. In most countries in which we file, the patent term is 20 years from the date of filing the first non-provisional priority application. In the United States, a patent’s term may be lengthened by patent term adjustment, which compensates a patentee for administrative delays by the PTO in granting a patent or may be shortened if a patent is terminally disclaimed over another patent.

 

The term of a U.S. patent that covers a drug approved by the FDA or methods of making or using that drug may also be eligible for patent term extension, which permits patent term restoration as compensation for the patent term lost during the FDA regulatory review process. The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act, also known as the Hatch-Waxman Act, is a federal law that encourages new drug research by restoring patent term lost to regulatory delays by permitting a patent term extension of up to five years beyond the statutory 20-year term of the patent for the approved product or its methods of manufacture or use if the active ingredient has not been previously approved in the U.S. The length of the patent term extension is related to the length of time the drug is under regulatory review. A patent term extension cannot extend the remaining term of a patent beyond a total of 14 years from the date of product approval and only one patent applicable to an approved drug may be extended. Similar provisions are available in Europe and some other foreign jurisdictions to extend the term of a patent that covers an approved drug.

 

When possible, depending upon the length of clinical trials and other factors involved in the filing of an NDA, we expect to apply for patent term extensions for patents covering our product candidates and their methods of use.

 

The patent portfolios for our proprietary technology platform and our most advanced product candidates as of March 8, 2024 are summarized below.

 

TNX-102 SL — Central Nervous System Conditions

 

Our patent portfolio for TNX-102 SL includes patents and patent applications directed to compositions of matter of CBP, formulations containing CBP, and methods for treating CNS conditions, such as TNX-102 SL for PTSD, for acute stress disorder, for pain, fatigue and sleep disturbances in fibromyalgia, for alcohol abuse, for disordered sleep, for sexual dysfunction, for depression in fibromyalgia, fatigue, e.g., CAP rates, post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection, and for agitation in neurodegenerative conditions, e.g., AAD.

 

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Certain eutectic compositions were discovered by development partners and are termed the “Eutectic Technology.” The patent portfolio for CBP compositions (e.g., TNX-102 SL) relating to the Eutectic Technology includes patents and patent applications directed to eutectic compositions containing CBP, eutectic CBP formulations, methods for treating PTSD and other CNS conditions utilizing eutectic CBP compositions and formulations, and methods of manufacturing eutectic CBP compositions. The Eutectic Technology patent portfolio includes U.S. patents, such as U.S. Patent No. 9,636,408, U.S. Patent No. 9,956,188, U.S. Patent No. 10,117,936, U.S. Patent No. 10,357,465, U.S. Patent No. 10,864,175, U.S. Patent No. 11,026,898, and U.S. Patent No. 11,839,594. These U.S. patents and counterpart non-U.S. patents, and any U.S. and non-U.S. patents that issue in the future from this portfolio would expire in 2034 or 2035, excluding any patent term adjustments or extensions.

 

The unique pharmacokinetic profile of TNX-102 SL, or the PK Technology, was discovered by Tonix and its development partners. The patent portfolio for TNX-102 SL relating to the PK Technology includes patent applications directed to compositions of matter of CBP, formulations containing CBP, methods for treating PTSD, agitation in neurodegenerative conditions, and other CNS conditions utilizing these compositions and formulations. The PK Technology patent portfolio includes U.S. Patent Application No. 13/918,692. If U.S. and non-U.S. patents claiming priority from those applications issue, those patents would expire in 2033, excluding any patent term adjustments or extensions.

 

On May 2, 2017, U.S. Patent No. 9,636,408 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The patent claims recite pharmaceutical compositions comprising the eutectic. The patent claims also recite methods of manufacturing the eutectic.

 

On September 13, 2017, European patent 2,501,234, entitled “Methods and Compositions for Treating Symptoms Associated with PTSD Using Cyclobenzaprine”, issued. This patent recites the use of CBP for the treatment of PTSD. On January 11, 2024, the European Patent Office Technical Board of Appeal reversed the October 2019 decision of the Opposition Division of the European Patent Office maintaining the patent in unamended form and held the patent to be invalid. No appeal may be taken from that decision.

 

On December 15, 2017, Japanese Patent No. 6259452, entitled “Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption,” issued. These claims relate to the pharmacokinetic profile of TNX-102 SL.

 

On August 3, 2022, European Patent No. 2861223, entitled “Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption,” issued. These claims relate to the pharmacokinetic profile of TNX-102 SL.

 

On March 20, 2018, U.S. Patent No. 9,918,948 entitled “Methods and Compositions for Treating Symptoms Associated with PTSD Using Cyclobenzaprine,” issued. The claims recite a method of using TNX-102 SL’s active ingredient cyclobenzaprine to treat PTSD and provides TNX-102 SL with US market exclusivity until 2030, excluding any patent term extensions.

 

On March 23, 2018, Japanese Patent No. 6310542 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite pharmaceutical compositions comprising the eutectics and methods of manufacturing these eutectic formulations.

 

On May 1, 2018, U.S. Patent No. 9,956,188, entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite a eutectic of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and mannitol and methods of making those eutectics.

 

On November 6, 2018, U.S. Patent No. 10,117,936, entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite pharmaceutical compositions of eutectics of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and mannitol and methods of making those compositions.

 

On April 16, 2019, Chinese Patent No. ZL 201480024011.1 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite pharmaceutical compositions comprising eutectics of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and mannitol and methods of making those compositions.

 

On July 23, 2019, U.S. Patent No. 10,357,465 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite a eutectic of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and mannitol and methods of making those eutectics.

 

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On December 11, 2019, European patent 2968992, entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride”, issued. This patent recites pharmaceutical compositions comprising a eutectic of mannitol and Cyclobenzaprine HCl and methods of making the same. In response to an opposition filed in September 2020 by Hexal AG, the European Patent Office’s Opposition Division upheld the patent in unamended form in the January 2022 oral proceedings. Hexal AG did not appeal that decision.

 

On December 25, 2019, European patent 2,683,245, entitled “Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine”, issued. The claims recite the use of CBP for the treatment of depression in a FM patient. This patent provides TNX-102 SL with European market exclusivity until March 2032 and may be extended based on the timing of the European marketing authorization of TNX-102 SL for depression in a FM patient. In September 2020, Hexal AG filed an opposition against this patent. The European Patent Office’s Opposition Division upheld the patent claims in unamended form at the February 2022 oral proceedings. Hexal AG did not appeal that decision.

 

On December 15, 2020, U.S. Patent No. 10,864,175 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite a eutectic comprising cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and beta-mannitol.

 

On December 12, 2023, U.S. Patent No. 11,839,594 entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite a method of manufacturing a eutectic comprising cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and beta-mannitol comprising mixing or milling.

 

On February 14, 2024, European Patent No. 3,650,081, entitled “Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride”, issued. The claims recite a eutectic of mannitol and cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and methods of manufacturing a eutectic.

 

On April 8, 2021, U.S. non-provisional Patent Application No. 17/226,058 and International Patent Application No. PCT/US2021/026492, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction” were filed. The PCT application is now nationalized in Australia, Canada, China, European Patent Office, Japan, and Hong Kong. On October 5, 2022, International Patent Application No. PCT/US2022/045791, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction” was filed. The claims of these applications are directed to methods using pharmaceutical compositions and combinations for treating sexual dysfunction with cyclobenzaprine or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of cyclobenzaprine.

 

On October 25, 2016 and July 28, 2020, U.S. Patent No. 9,474,728 and U.S. Patent No. 10,722,478, entitled “Methods and Compositions for Treating Fatigue Associated with Disordered Sleep Using Very Low Dose Cyclobenzaprine”, issued, respectively. The claims are directed to a method for monitoring the effectiveness of cyclobenzaprine treatment for disordered sleep and method for reducing CAP rates A2 or A3 by treating a subject with a pharmaceutical composition comprising cyclobenzaprine.

 

On December 11, 2018, International Patent Application No. PCT/IB2018/001509, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions,” was filed. The PCT application is now nationalized in 16 countries. The claims are directed to methods for treating or preventing agitation, cognitive decline, psychosis, and associated symptoms thereof using pharmaceutical compositions and combinations with cyclobenzaprine or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of cyclobenzaprine.

 

On November 28, 2023, U.S. Patent No. 11,826,321, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions,” issued. The claims are directed to a method for treating or preventing one or more agitation associated symptoms comprising administering a eutectic of cyclobenzaprine HCl and mannitol.

 

On August 20, 2019, International Patent Application No. PCT/IB2019/000940, entitled “Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder,” was filed. The PCT application is now nationalized in 18 countries. The claims are directed to methods of treating acute stress disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder in a subject who has experienced a traumatic event using pharmaceutical compositions with cyclobenzaprine, amitriptyline or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of cyclobenzaprine or amitriptyline.

 

On November 19, 2021, International Patent Application No. PCT/US2021/060011, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder,” was filed. The PCT application is now nationalized in 13 countries. The claims are directed to methods for treating alcohol use disorder and associated symptoms using pharmaceutical compositions with cyclobenzaprine or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of cyclobenzaprine.

 

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On December 7, 2021, International Patent Application No. PCT/US2021/062244, entitled, “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia,” was filed. The PCT is now nationalized in 15 countries. The claims are directed to methods for treating fibromyalgia and its associated symptoms of pain, sleep disturbance and/or fatigue by transmucosally administering a eutectic of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride and mannitol in dosage units with a basifying agent.

 

On June 21, 2023, U.S. non-provisional Patent Application No. 18/212,500 and International Patent Application No. PCT/US2023/025895, entitled “Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Post-Acute Sequelae of (SARS)-CoV-2 Infection (PASC),” were filed. The claims are directed to methods of treating PASC or one or more associated symptoms comprising administering cyclobenzaprine or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts of cyclobenzaprine.

 

TNX-1900 — Oxytocin-Based Treatments for Obesity, Eating Disorders, Pain, Insulin Resistance, and Diabetes

 

We have acquired the migraine and pain treatment technologies of Trigemina, Inc., and have assumed its license rights to related technologies from The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. TNX-1900, an enhanced formulation of nasal oxytocin, has demonstrated activity in several non-clinical studies in pain, including migraine.

 

As part of our acquisition, we acquired International Patent Application No. PCT/US2016/012512, filed on January 7, 2016, entitled “Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use” (nationalized in 13 countries). We also acquired U.S. Patent Nos. 9,629,894 and 11,389,473, entitled “Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use”, which will expire in January 2036, excluding any patent term extensions. On October 4, 2023, European Patent No. 3242676, entitled “Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use,” issued.

 

We also have rights to International Patent Application No. PCT/US2019/020419, filed on April 12, 2017, entitled “Labeled Oxytocin and Method of Manufacture and Use” (nationalized in the U.S., European Patent Office and Japan).

 

We have entered into an exclusive license to the University of Geneva’s technology for using oxytocin to treat insulin resistance and related syndromes, including obesity. This license expands our intranasal potentiated oxytocin development program, TNX-1900, into cardiometabolic syndromes. Under the license, we have rights to European Patent No. EP2571511B1, entitled “New Uses of Oxytocin-like Molecules and Related Methods.” We also have rights to U.S. Patent No. 9,101,569, entitled “Methods for the Treatment of Insulin Resistance.” The U.S. and non-U.S. patents expire in May 2031, excluding any patent term adjustments or extensions.

 

TNX-2900 — Oxytocin-Based Therapeutics Treatments for Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)

 

We have licensed technology using oxytocin-based therapeutics for the treatment of PWS and non-organic failure to thrive disease from the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM). The co-exclusive license relates to TNX-2900, an intranasal potentiated oxytocin, for the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome and other feeding disorders. Under the license, we have rights to European Patent No. EP2575853B1, entitled “Methods and Pharmaceutical Composition for the Treatment of a Feeding Disorder with Early-Onset in a Patient”; U.S. Patent No. 8,853,158, entitled “Methods for the Treatment of a Feeding Disorder with Onset During Neonate Development Using an Agonist of the Oxytocin Receptor”; and U.S. Patent No. 9,125,862, entitled “Methods for the Treatment of Prader-Willi-like Syndrome or Non-Organic Failure to Thrive (NOFITT) Feeding Disorder Using an Agonist of the Oxytocin Receptor.” The U.S. and non-U.S. patents expire in May 2031, excluding any patent term extensions.

 

TNX-1300 — Cocaine Intoxication Treatment

 

We have licensed rights from The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, The Regents of the University of Michigan, and University of Kentucky Research Foundation to develop a potential product, TNX-1300, for the treatment of cocaine intoxication. The licensed patents are directed to mutant cocaine esterase polypeptides and methods of using these polypeptides as anti-cocaine therapeutics. They include U.S. Patent Nos. 8,318,156 and 9,200,265, entitled “Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment” and various counterpart patents outside of the U.S (e.g., European Patent 2046368). These patents provide TNX-1300 with US market exclusivity until February 2029, and market exclusivity outside of the U.S. until July 10, 2027, subject to any patent term extensions.

 

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TNX-1500 — anti-CD40L Therapeutics

 

We are developing TNX-1500, a humanized mAb that targets CD40L for the prevention and treatment of organ transplant rejection. In this regard, we filed International Application No. PCT/EP2020/068589, entitled “Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof” on July 1, 2020 (nationalized in 15 countries). We also filed International Patent Application No. PCT/US2020/028002 on April 13, 2020, entitled “Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding” (nationalized in U.S., Canada, China, European Patent Office and Japan). We also filed International Patent Application No. PCT/US2022/011404, entitled “Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies” on January 6, 2022 (nationalized in 14 countries).

 

TNX-801 — Live Horsepox Vaccine for Prevention of Smallpox and Mpox

 

We own the rights to develop a potential biodefense technology, TNX-801, a live horsepox that is being developed as a new smallpox and mpox preventing vaccine, we have filed patent applications directed to synthetic chimeric poxviruses and methods of using these poxviruses to protect individuals against smallpox. These applications include U.S. non-provisional Patent Application No. 15/802,189 and International Patent Application No. PCT/US2017/059782 (nationalized in 15 countries and filed in 4 non-PCT countries). We also own the rights to develop other vaccine candidates against smallpox. With respect to these vaccine candidates, we own International Patent Application No. PCT/US2019/030486 and the non-convention and national phase applications related thereto (nationalized in 17 countries and filed in 2 non-PCT countries). The smallpox vaccine technologies relate to proprietary forms of live horsepox and vaccinia vaccines which may be safer than ACAM2000, the only currently available replication competent, live vaccinia vaccine to protect against smallpox disease. We believe that this technology, after further development, may be of interest to biodefense agencies in the U.S. and other countries.

 

On May 31, 2022, U.S. Patent No. 11,345,896 was issued. The claims recite a synthetic chimeric orthopoxvirus (scOPV), a synthetic chimeric horsepox virus (scHPXV), methods of generating the scOPV and scHPXV, and compositions comprising the scOPV or scHPXV.

 

TNX-1800 and TNX-1850 — Live Modified Horsepox Vaccine for Prevention of COVID-19

 

We are developing TNX-1800 and TNX-1850, live attenuated modified HPXVs, as a COVID-19 preventing vaccine against different strains of SARS-CoV-2. On February 26, 2021, we filed International Patent Application No. PCT/US2021/020119, entitled “Recombinant Poxvirus Based Vaccine Against SARS-CoV-2.” On the same date, we also filed applications in Argentina and Taiwan and we filed U.S. Application No. 17/187,678. The PCT application is not nationalized in 19 countries. These applications are directed to synthetic poxviruses comprising a SARS-CoV-2 virus protein, poxvirus delivery vectors for SARS-CoV-2 virus proteins and methods of using these modified poxviruses to protect individuals against COVID-19.

 

On March 1, 2023, we filed International Patent Application No. PCT/US2023/063503, entitled “Recombinant Poxvirus Based Vaccine Against the Omicron Strain of SARS-CoV-2 Virus and Variants Thereof.” This application is directed to synthetic poxviruses comprising a SARS-CoV-2 virus protein of an omicron strain, poxvirus delivery vectors for SARS-CoV-2 virus proteins of an omicron strain and methods of using these modified poxviruses to protect individuals against the SARS-CoV-2 virus of an omicron strain.

 

TNX-1700 — Recombinant Trefoil Family Factor 2 (rTFF2) to Treat Gastric and Pancreatic Cancers

 

We have licensed rights from The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York to develop a potential product, TNX-1700, for the treatment of gastric and pancreatic cancers. The licensed patents are directed to rTFF2 compositions and methods of treatment. The licensed patents U.S. Patent No. 10,124,037 and U.S. Patent No. 11,167,010. The licensed patents provide TNX-1700 with US market exclusivity until April 2033, subject to any patent term extensions. On August 27, 2020, we filed International Patent Application No. PCT/IB2020/000699 entitled “Modified TFF2 Polypeptides.” The PCT application is now nationalized in 12 countries.

 

TNX-1600 — Triple Reuptake Inhibitor to Treat PTSD

 

We have licensed rights from Wayne State University to develop a potential product, TNX-1600, for PTSD treatment. The licensed patents directed to pyran-based derivatives and analogues.

 

They include U.S. Patent Nos. 7,915,433, 8,017,791, 8,519,159, 8,841,464, and 8,937,189, entitled “Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives” and U.S. Patent No. 9,458,124, entitled “Substituted Pyran Derivatives”. These patents provide TNX-1600 with US market exclusivity between April 2024 and February 2034, respectively, subject to any patent term extensions.

 

TNX-3900 — Antiviral Drugs

 

We have acquired the intellectual property rights of Healion Bio, Inc. to develop antiviral drugs. These rights include International Patent Application No. PCT/US2021/032461 (nationalized in 6 countries) and U.S. Patent Application No. 18/055,596, both entitled “Compositions and Methods for Increasing Efficacy of a Drug.”

 

26 

 

 

Zembrace and Tosymra — Sumatriptan

 

We have acquired the intellectual property rights of Zembrace SymTouch and Tosymra and their uses in treating migraine from Upsher-Smith Laboratories, LLC. These rights include U.S. Patent No. 9,211, 282, U.S. Patent No. 9,610,280, U.S. Patent No. 9,974,770, U.S. Patent No. 10,603,305, U.S. Patent No. 11,337,962, U.S. Patent No. 10,537,554, and U.S. Patent No. 11,364, 224. These rights also include International Patent Application No. PCT/US2016/015961, entitled “Pharmaceutical Composition Comprising Sumatriptan for Treating Migraine,” (nationalized in 7 countries, excluding rights in Brazil and China) and International Patent Application No. PCT/IB2010/001708, entitled “Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds,” (nationalized in 11 countries, excluding rights in Brazil, Russia, India, and China).

  

Trade Secrets

 

In addition to patents, we rely on trade secrets and know-how to develop and maintain our competitive position. For example, significant aspects of our proprietary technology platform are based on unpatented trade secrets and know-how. Trade secrets and know-how can be difficult to protect. We seek to protect our proprietary technology and processes, in part, by confidentiality agreements and invention assignment agreements with our employees, consultants, scientific advisors, contractors, and commercial partners. These agreements are designed to protect our proprietary information and, in the case of the invention assignment agreements, to grant us ownership of technologies that are developed through a relationship with a third party. We also seek to preserve the integrity and confidentiality of our data and trade secrets by maintaining physical security of our premises and physical and electronic security of our information technology systems. While we have confidence in these individuals, organizations and systems, agreements or security measures may be breached, and we may not have adequate remedies for any breach. In addition, our trade secrets may otherwise become known or be independently discovered by competitors. To the extent that our contractors use intellectual property owned by others in their work for us, disputes may arise as to rights in related or resulting inventions and know-how.

 

Issued Patents

 

Our current patents owned or licensed include:

 

Anti-Cocaine Therapeutics

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
8,318,156   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   U.S.A.   February 14, 2029
9,200,265   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   U.S.A.   December 30, 2027
2007272955   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   Australia   July 10, 2027
2014201653   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   Australia   July 10, 2027
2657246   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   Canada   July 10, 2027
612929   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   New Zealand   July 10, 2027
2046368 (602007045044.6 in Germany; 502016000056543 in Italy)   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   European Patent Office – Germany, Spain, France, United Kingdom, and Italy   July 10, 2027
2009/00197   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   South Africa   July 10, 2027
305483   Anti-Cocaine Compositions and Treatment   Mexico   July 10, 2027
196411   Mutants of Cocaine Esterase (CocE) Polypeptide, Nucleic Acids Encoding Them, Pharmaceutical Compositions Comprising Them and Uses Thereof   Israel   July 10, 2027

 

27 

 

 

Sublingual CBP/Amitriptyline

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
6259452   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Japan   June 14, 2033
631144   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   New Zealand   June 14, 2033
I590820   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Taiwan R.O.C.   June 14, 2033
2013274003   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Australia   June 14, 2033
I642429   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Taiwan R.O.C.   June 14, 2033
726488   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   New Zealand   June 14, 2033
I683660   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Taiwan R.O.C.   June 14, 2033
2018241128   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Australia   June 14, 2033
2876902   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Canada   June 14, 2033
IDP000076019   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Indonesia   June 14, 2033
382516   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Mexico   June 14, 2033
2861223   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   European Patent Office – Italy, Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, San Marino, Serbia, Croatia, North Macedonia and Turkey   June 14, 2033
236268   Compositions for Transmucosal Delivery and Uses Thereof   Israel   June 14, 2033
2015/00288   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   South Africa   June 14, 2033
BR112014031394-6   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Brazil   June 14, 2033
1209361   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Hong Kong   June 14, 2033
398632   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Mexico   June 14, 2033
A059897   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Venezuela   June 14, 2033
MY-194495-A   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Malaysia   June 14, 2033

 

CBP – Depression

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
2012225548   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   Australia   March 6, 2032
2016222412   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   Australia   March 6, 2032
2018204633   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   Australia   March 6, 2032
2020203874   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   Australia   March 6, 2032
614725   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   New Zealand   March 6, 2032
714294   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   New Zealand   March 6, 2032
2,829,200   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine   Canada   March 6, 2032

2683245

 

(AL/P/2020/15 in Albania; MK/P/2020/68 in North Macedonia; 602012066717.6 in Germany; 3103147 in Greece; 502020000014740 in Italy; SM-T-202000083 in San Marino; 60240 in Serbia; 202000139T4 in Turkey)

 

 

Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine

 

  European Patent Office – Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Cyprus, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Monaco, Republic of North Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, San Marino, and Turkey   March 6, 2032

 

28 

 

 

CBP – PTSD

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
9,918,948   Methods and Compositions for Treating Symptoms Associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Using Cyclobenzaprine   U.S.A.   November 18, 2030
             

CBP Fatigue

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
9,474,728   Methods and Compositions for Treating Fatigue Associated with Disordered Sleep Using Very Low Dose Cyclobenzaprine   U.S.A.   June 9, 2031
10,722,478   Methods and Compositions for Treating Fatigue Associated with Disordered Sleep Using Very Low Dose Cyclobenzaprine   U.S.A.   June 9, 2031
             

CBP – Agitation in Neurodegenerative Condition

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
11,826,321   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   U.S.A.   December 11, 2038
275289   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Israel   December 11, 2038

 

29 

 

 

CBP/Amitriptyline Eutectic Formulations

 

 Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
631152   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   New Zealand   March 14, 2034
747040   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   New Zealand   March 14, 2034
9,636,408   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
9,956,188   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
10,117,936   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.     March 14, 2034
10,322,094   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
10,357,465   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   September 18, 2035
10,736,859   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
10,864,175   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
10,864,176   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
11,026,898   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   September 18, 2035
11,737,991   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
11,839,594   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.   March 14, 2034
6310542   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Japan   March 14, 2034
6614724   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Japan   September 18, 2035
6717902   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Japan   September 18, 2035
6088   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Saudi Arabia   March 14, 2034
ZL201480024011.1   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   China   March 14, 2034
ZL.201580050140.2   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   China   September 18, 2035
2014233277   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Australia   March 14, 2034
2015317336   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Australia   September 18, 2035
I661825   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Taiwan R.O.C.   March 14, 2034
I740136   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Taiwan R.O.C.   March 14, 2034
IDP000055516   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Indonesia   March 14, 2034
IDP000063221   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Indonesia   September 18, 2035
IDP000076872   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Indonesia   March 14, 2034

2968992

 

(1211591 in Austria, CZ2014-762323 in Czechia, 602014058260.5 in Germany, E018723 in Estonia, P20200055 in Croatia, 201361792757 P in Ireland, 2020.67 in Monaco, P-2020/0094 in Serbia, 201431487 in Slovenia, 33269 in Slovakia, 2020000045 in San Marino, AL/P/2019/906 in Albania, MK/P/2020/67 in Republic of North Macedonia, 3102655 in Greece, 502020000007756 in Italy)

 

  Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   European Patent Office - Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Republic of North Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom  

March 14, 2034

 

3650081   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   European Patent Office - Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Republic of North Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom   March 14, 2034
241353   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Israel   March 14, 2034
251218   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Methods of Producing Same   Israel   September 18, 2035
277814   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Methods of Producing Same   Israel   September 18, 2034
370021   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Mexico   March 14, 2034
387402   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Mexico   September 18, 2035
388137   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Mexico   March 14, 2034
2015/07443   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   South Africa   March 14, 2034
2017/01637   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   South Africa   September 18, 2035
BR112015022095-9   Pharmaceutical Composition, Method of Fabrication, Eutectic Composition and Use of Compositions Containing Cyclobenzaprine HCl and Mannitol   Brazil   March 14, 2034
2904812   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Canada   March 14, 2034
HK1218727   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Hong Kong   March 14, 2034
MY-186047-A   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Malaysia   September 18, 2035
398845   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   India   September 18, 2035
441374   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   India   March 14, 2034
MY-196014-A   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Malaysia   March 14, 2034
ZL201910263541.6   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   China   March 14, 2034
2020289838   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Australia   September 18, 2035
HK40047283   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Hong Kong   September 18, 2035
ZL202011576351.9   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   China   September 18, 2035
730379   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   New Zealand   September 18, 2035
768064   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   New Zealand   September 18, 2035

 

30 

 

 

Analogs of CBP

 

 Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
11,517,557   Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitryptilene   U.S.A.   July 13, 2037
             

Oxytocin therapeutics

 

 Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
9,629,894   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   U.S.A.   January 7, 2036
11,389,473   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   U.S.A.   January 7, 2036
11201705591P   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Singapore   January 7, 2036
388286   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Mexico   January 7, 2036
253347   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Israel   January 7, 2036
7030517   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Japan   January 7, 2036
ZL201680013809.5   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   China   January 7, 2036
3242676   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Europe – (Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom)   January 7, 2036
2017/05176   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   South Africa   January 7, 2036
1252942   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Hong Kong   January 7, 2036
7093559   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Japan   April 12, 2037
2017250505   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Australia   April 12, 2037
ZL201780036185.3   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   China   April 12, 2037
40005263   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Hong Kong   April 12, 2037
2575853   Methods and Pharmaceutical Composition for the Treatment of a Feeding Disorder with Early-Onset in a Patient   Europe – (Spain, France, and United Kingdom)   May 25, 2031
8,853,158   Methods for the Treatment of a Feeding Disorder with Onset During Neonate Development Using an Agonist of the Oxytocin Receptor   U.S.A.   May 25, 2031
9,125,862   Methods for the Treatment of Prader-Willi-like Syndrome or Non-Organic Failure to Thrive (NOFITT) Feeding Disorder Using an Agonist of the Oxytocin Receptor   U.S.A.   May 25, 2031
2571511   New Uses of Oxytocin-like Molecules and Related Methods   Europe – (Switzerland, Spain, France, United Kingdom, and Ireland)   May 17, 2031
9,101,569   Methods for the Treatment of Insulin Resistance   U.S.A.   June 22, 2031

 

31 

 

 

Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ therapeutics

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
8,551,949   Methods for treatment of pain   U.S.A.   August 11, 2031
9,238,053   Methods for treatment of pain   U.S.A.   October 12, 2030
2010281436   Methods for treatment of pain   Australia   July 27, 2030
ZL 201080042858.4   Methods for treatment of pain   China   July 27, 2030
2459183 (602010028120.5 in Germany)   Methods for treatment of pain   Europe – (Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, France, and United Kingdom)   July 27, 2030
1169804   Methods for treatment of pain   Hong Kong   July 27, 2030
329837   Methods for treatment of pain   Mexico   July 27, 2030
597763   Methods for treatment of pain   New Zealand   July 27, 2030
10201406930U   Methods for treatment of pain   Singapore   July 27, 2030
201200584   Methods for treatment of pain   South Africa   July 27, 2030
2,769,347   Methods for treatment of pain   Canada   July 27, 2030
413642   Methods for treatment of pain   India   July 27, 2030

 

Tianeptine – Neurocognitive Dysfunction

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
9,314,469   Method for Treating Neurocognitive Dysfunction   U.S.A.   September 24, 2030
2723688   Method for Treating Neurodegenerative Dysfunction   Canada   April 30, 2029
2299822 (602009047361.1 in Germany and E911827 in Austria)   Method for Treating Neurodegenerative Dysfunction   European Patent Office – Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, and Portugal   April 30, 2029
3246031 (602009057284.9 in Germany)   Method for Treating Neurocognitive Dysfunction   European Patent Office – Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, and Portugal   April 30, 2029

 

32 

 

 

Triple reuptake inhibitor therapeutics

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
7,915,433   Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives   U.S.A  

March 10, 2028

 

8,017,791   Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives   U.S.A.   April 14, 2024
8,519,159   Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives   U.S.A   December 7, 2025
8,841,464   Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives   U.S.A   April 15, 2025
8,937,189   Tri-substituted 2-benzhydryl 5-benzlamino-tetrahydro-pyran-4-OL and 6-benzhydryl-4-benzylamino-tetrahydro-pyran-3-OL analogues, and novel 3,6 disubstituted pyran derivatives   U.S.A   January 12, 2027
9,458,124   Substituted Pyran Derivatives   U.S.A   February 6, 2034

 

TFF2 therapeutics

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
10,124,037   Trefoil family factor proteins and uses thereof   U.S.A   April 2, 2033
11,167,010   Trefoil family factor proteins and uses thereof   U.S.A   April 2, 2033

 

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
11,345,896   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   U.S.A   November 2, 2037
397516   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Mexico   November 2, 2037
2019/02868   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   South Africa   November 2, 2037
MY-200354-A   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Malaysia   November 2, 2037

 

Triptan Compound – Formulations

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
9,211,282   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   U.S.A   July 19, 2031
9,610,280   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   U.S.A   June 16, 2030
9,974,770   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   U.S.A   June 16, 2030
10,603,305   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   U.S.A   June 16, 2030
11,337,962   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   U.S.A.   June 16, 2030
2010299607   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   Australia   June 17, 2030
2775404   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   Canada   June 17, 2030

2480197

 

(502016000000073 in Italy

  Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   European Patent Office - Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, and United Kingdom   June 17, 2030
5845183   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   Japan   June 17, 2030
101646079   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   Republic of Korea   June 17, 2030
338110   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   Mexico   June 17, 2030
599344   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   New Zealand   June 17, 2030
2012/02168   Formulations Comprising Triptan Compounds   South Africa   June 17, 2030

 

33 

 

 

Triptan Compound – Migraine

 

Patent No.   Title   Country / Region   Expiration Date
10,537,554   Pharmaceutical Composition for Treating Migraine   U.S.A   January 29, 2036
11,364,224   Pharmaceutical Composition for Treating Migraine   U.S.A   January 29, 2036
385725   Pharmaceutical Composition Comprising Sumatriptan for Treating Migraine   Mexico   February 1, 2036
2994748   Pharmaceutical Composition Comprising Sumatripan for Treating Migraine   Canada   February 1, 2036

 

Pending Patent Applications

 

Our current pending patent applications are as follows:

 

CD40 and anti-CD154 Therapeutics

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
17/623,710   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   U.S.A.
2020300002   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Australia
BR112021026410-8   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Brazil
3145453   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Canada
202080059891.1   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   China
20764933.6   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof (Allowed)   European Patent Office
202217004870   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   India
P00202200763   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Indonesia
289354   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Israel
2021-578262   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Japan
PI 2021007835   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Malaysia
MX/a/2022/000133   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Mexico
784548   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   New Zealand
11202114433Y   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Singapore
2022/01378   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   South Africa
62022063693.5   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Hong Kong
62022062573.0   Anti-CD154 antibodies and uses thereof   Hong Kong
18/271,098   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   U.S.A.
2022205313   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Australia
BR112023013285-1   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Brazil
3207098   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Canada
202280019221.6   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   China
22701768.8   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   European Patent Office
P00202307159   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Indonesia
304253   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Israel
2023-541043   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Japan
PI 2023003993   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Malaysia
MX/a/2023/008055   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Mexico
801414   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   New Zealand
11202305000R   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   Singapore
2023/06791   Methods of Inducing Immune Tolerance with Modified Anti-CD154 Antibodies   South Africa
3136725   Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding   Canada
20787970.1   Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding   European Patent Office
2021-560713   Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding   Japan
17/603,260   Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding   U.S.A.
202080033531.4   Inhibitors of CD40-CD154 Binding   China

 

34 

 

 

CBP/Amitriptyline Eutectic Formulations

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
18/385,468   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   U.S.A.
BR112017005231-8   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Brazil
BR122020020968-2   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Brazil
2,961,822   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Canada
3,119,755   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride (Allowed)   Canada
15841528.1   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   European Patent Office
18101200.4   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Hong Kong
42020003105.2   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride (Allowed)   Hong Kong
42020019748.1   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Hong Kong
2023-188486   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Japan
2023-116057   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Japan

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
PI 20233000078   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Malaysia
517381123   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride   Saudi Arabia

10201707528W

10201902203V

 

Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride

Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride

 

Singapore

Singapore

2014-000391   Eutectic Formulations of Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride and Amitriptyline Hydrochloride   Venezuela

 

Sublingual CBP/Amitriptyline

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
13/918,692   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   U.S.A.
P20130102101   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Argentina
20230100254   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Argentina
3,118,913   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption (Allowed)   Canada
202010024102.2   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   China

2013/24661

 

2013/37088

 

Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption

 

Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption

 

Gulf Cooperation
Council

Gulf Cooperation
Council

2013/40660   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Gulf Cooperation
Council
42020020336.2   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Hong Kong
P-00 2021 01421   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Indonesia
2021-100154   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Japan
10201605407T   Compositions and Methods for Transmucosal Absorption   Singapore

 

35 

 

 

CBP – Agitation in Neurodegenerative Condition

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
18/382,262   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   U.S.A.
2018383098   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Australia
BR112020011345-0   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Brazil
3,083,341   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions (Allowed)   Canada
201880079917.1   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   China
18847270.8   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   European Patent Office
P00202004178   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Indonesia
202017023747   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   India
2020-531611   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Japan
MX/a/2020/006140   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions (Allowed)   Mexico
PI2020002800   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Malaysia
765792   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   New Zealand
520412146   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Saudi Arabia
2020/03243   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   South Africa
6202002246.2   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Hong Kong
62021029558.5   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Hong Kong
523442519   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Saudi Arabia
10202303446R   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Singapore
2023-186441   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Agitation, Psychosis and Cognitive Decline in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Conditions   Japan

 

CBP – Depression

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
13/412,571   Methods and Compositions for Treating Depression Using Cyclobenzaprine (Allowed)   U.S.A.

 

Analogs of CBP

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region

18/075,386

CA3069699

201880050758.2

EP18831505.5

 

Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitriptyline

Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitriptyline

Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitriptyline

Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitriptyline

 

U.S.A.

Canada

China

European Patent Office

2020-526592   Analogs of Cyclobenzaprine and Amitriptyline   Japan
         

 

CBP – ASD and PTSD

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
2019/38140   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Gulf Cooperation Council
108129709   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Taiwan R.O.C.
17/269,106   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   U.S.A.
2019323764   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Australia
PI2021000802   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Malaysia
772889   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   New Zealand
BR112021003107-3   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Brazil
3109258   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Canada
201980062283.3   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   China
19802247.7   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   European Patent Office
62021045278.0   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Hong Kong
62022046260.5   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Hong Kong
202117011223   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   India
P00202101716   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Indonesia
280921   Cyclobenzaprine or Amitriptyline Containing Compositions for Use in Treating Stress Disorders   Israel
2021-509201   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Japan
MX/a/2021/002012   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Mexico
11202101443W   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Singapore
2021/01121   Methods of Treating Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   South Africa

 

36 

 

 

CBP – Fibromyalgia

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
18/265,525   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   U.S.A.
2021396509   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Australia
3204202   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Canada
202180089897.8   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   China
21844438.8   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   European Patent Office
202317044026   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   India
P00202306147   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Indonesia
303497   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Israel
2023-542924   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Japan
PI 2023003286   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Malaysia
MX/a/2023/006720   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Mexico
800700   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   New Zealand
523441103   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Saudi Arabia
11202304340U   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   Singapore
2023/06139   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Fibromyalgia   South Africa

 

CBP – Alcohol Use Disorder

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
18/037,815   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   U.S.A.
2021382668   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Australia
112023009731-2   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Brazil
3202722   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Canada
202180088339.X   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   China
21827298.7   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   European Patent Office
202317038485   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   India
303050   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Israel
2023-530204   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Japan
MX/a/2023/005899   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Mexico
800112   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   New Zealand
11202303835Y   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   Singapore
2023/05747   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder   South Africa

 

CBP – Sexual dysfunction

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
PCT/US2022/045791   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   PCT
17/226,058   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   U.S.A
2021253592   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   Australia
3179754   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   Canada
202180040673.8   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   China
21721779.3   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   European Patent Office
2022-562023   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   Japan
62023077251.4   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   Hong Kong
62023078964.1   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction   Hong Kong

 

37 

 

 

CBP – Post-Acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC)

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
PCT/US2023/025895   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Post-Acute Sequelae of (SARS)-CoV-2 Infection (PASC)   PCT
18/212,500   Cyclobenzaprine Treatment for Post-Acute Sequelae of (SARS)-CoV-2 Infection (PASC)   U.S.A.

 

Oxytocin therapeutics

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
2020286221   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Australia
BR1120170145456   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Brazil
2972975   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Canada
23201255.9   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   European Patent Office
2021-179295   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use (Allowed)   Japan
1020177021998   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Republic of Korea
734097   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   New Zealand
771693   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   New Zealand
16/976,912   Labeled Oxytocin and Method of Manufacture and Use (Allowed)   U.S.A.
19710979.6   Labeled Oxytocin and Method of Manufacture and Use   European Patent Office
2020-545532   Labeled Oxytocin and Method of Manufacture and Use   Japan
16/093,104   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   U.S.A.
3,020,179   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Canada
2023100344997   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   China
17783080.9   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   European Patent Office
2022-60727   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Japan
MX/a/2018/012351   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Mexico
747221   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   New Zealand
787097   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   New Zealand
2023203831   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Australia
42023079422.4   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Hong Kong
MX/a/2023/008840   Magnesium-Containing Oxytocin Formulations and Methods of Use   Mexico

 

Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ therapeutics

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
BR122021007932-3   Methods for Treatment of Pain   Brazil

 

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

 

Application No.   Title   Country / Region
17/827,320   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   U.S.A.
P 20170103043   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Argentina
2017/34209   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Gulf Cooperation Council
2017/41626   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Gulf Cooperation Council
106137976   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Taiwan R.O.C.
2017353868   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Australia
BR112019008781-8   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Brazil
BR122023000373-0   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Brazil
3,042,694   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Canada
201780078546.0   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses (Allowed)   China
17868045.0   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   European Patent Office

201917021814

PID201904682

 

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

 

India

Indonesia

266399

2019-545700

 

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

 

Israel

Japan

2022-140113   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Japan

752893

11201903893P

 

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses

 

New Zealand

Singapore

2022/04981   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   South Africa
2017-000418   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Venezuela
62020003684.1   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Hong Kong
62020003675.9   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   Hong Kong
792678   Synthetic Chimeric Poxviruses   New Zealand

 

38 

 

 

Synthetic Vaccinia Virus